EMT Chapter 10 Quiz

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15 terms · Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured Tenth Edition

Hypovolemic shock caused by severe burns is the result of a loss of:

plasma.

Clinical signs of compensated shock include all of the following, EXCEPT:

absent peripheral pulses.

You respond to a residence for a patient with a severe leg injury following an accident with a chainsaw. When you arrive, you find the patient, a 44-year-old male, lying supine in the backyard. He has a partial amputation of his right lower leg that is actively bleeding. The patient is conscious and breathing adequately; however, he is restless and his skin is diaphoretic. You should:

apply direct pressure to the wound.

Which of the following would MOST likely result in hemorrhagic shock?

liver laceration

Capillary sphincters are:

circular muscular walls that regulate blood flow through the capillaries.

Cardiogenic shock may result from all of the following, EXCEPT:

increased preload.

A construction worker fell approximately 30 feet. He is semiconscious with rapid, shallow respirations. Further assessment reveals deformity to the thoracic region of his spine. His blood pressure is 70/50 mm Hg, his pulse is 66 beats/min and weak, and his skin is warm and dry. In addition to spinal immobilization and rapid transport, the MOST appropriate treatment for this patient includes:

assisted ventilation, thermal management, and elevation of the lower extremities.

Shock is the result of:

hypoperfusion to the cells of the body.

When the body senses a state of hypoperfusion, the sympathetic nervous system releases epinephrine, the effects of which include:

tachycardia.

Which of the following clinical signs is unique to anaphylactic shock?

wheezing

You are transporting a 33-year-old male who was involved in a motor vehicle crash. You have addressed all immediate and potentially life-threatening conditions and have stabilized his condition with the appropriate treatment. With an estimated time of arrival at the hospital of 20 minutes, you should:

reassess his condition in 5 minutes.

A 25-year-old unrestrained female struck the steering wheel with her chest when her car hit a tree while traveling at a high rate of speed. She has signs and symptoms of shock, which you suspect are the result of intrathoracic bleeding. Which of the following interventions will provide this patient with the greatest chance for survival?

rapid transport to a trauma center

All of the following conditions would make you suspect shock, EXCEPT:

tachycardia.

Hypotension in a child with blunt or penetrating trauma is particularly significant because:

it often indicates the loss of half of his or her blood volume.

A 27-year-old male was stabbed in the chest during a disagreement at a poker game. As you approach him, you see that a knife is impaled in his chest. Before you make physical contact with the patient, it is MOST important to:

follow standard precautions.

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