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Erosion of the protective layer of the stomach or duodenum secondary to overactivity of digestive juices results in:

an ulcer

When assessing a patient with abdominal pain, you should:

palpate the abdomen in a clockwise direction beginning with the quadrant after the one the patient indicates is painful.

A generalized seizure is characterized by:

severe twitching of all the body's muscles.

Solid abdominal organs include the:

Solid abdominal organs include the: spleen, kidneys, and pancreas.

You respond to a residence for a child who is having a seizure. Upon arrival at the scene, you enter the residence and find the mother holding her child, a 2-year-old male. The child is conscious and crying. According to the mother, the child had been running a high fever and then experienced a seizure that lasted approximately 3 minutes. You should:

transport the child to the hospital and reassure the mother en route.

Which of the following conditions is NOT a common cause of seizures?

Severe hypovolema.

Esophageal varices MOST commonly occur in patients who:

drink a lot of alcohol.

Peritonitis may result in shock because:

fluid shifts from the bloodstream into body tissues.

The principal clinical difference between a stroke and hypoglycemia is that patients with hypoglycemia:

usually have an altered mental status or decreased level of consciousness.

The parietal peritoneum lines the:

walls of the abdominal cavity.

In the presence of ileus, the only way the stomach can empty itself is by:

vomiting

Which of the following is a metabolic cause of a seizure?

Poisoning.

Pain that radiates to the right lower quadrant from the umbilical area, nausea and vomiting, and anorexia are MOST indicative of:

appendicitis.

A 35-year-old mildly obese woman is complaining of localized pain in the right upper quadrant with referred pain to the right shoulder. The MOST likely cause of her pain is:

acute cholecystitis.

A strangulated hernia is one that:

loses its blood supply due to compression by local tissues.

A patient who is experiencing aphasia is:

unable to produce or understand speech.

Interruption of cerebral blood flow may result from all of the following, EXCEPT:

cerebral vasodilation.

A patient whose speech is slurred and difficult to understand is experiencing:

dysarthria.

During the primary assessment of a semiconscious 70-year-old female, you should:

ensure a patent airway and support ventilation as needed.

Pain that may be perceived at a distant point on the surface of the body, such as the back or shoulder, is called:

referred pain.

Which of the following statements regarding the acute abdomen is correct?

The initial pain associated with an acute abdomen tends to be vague and poorly localized.

The most basic functions of the body, such as breathing, blood pressure, and swallowing, are controlled by the:

brain stem

Which of the following conditions would be the LEAST likely to mimic the signs and symptoms of a stroke?

Hypovolemia

Which of the following MOST accurately describes the cause of an ischemic stroke?

blockage of a cerebral artery

The MOST important treatment for a patient with severe abdominal pain and signs of shock includes:

transporting the patient without delay.

In contrast to the parietal peritoneum, the visceral peritoneum: is

supplied by nerves of the autonomic nervous system, which are less able to localize pain or sensation.

Successful treatment of a stroke depends on whether:

thrombolytic therapy is given within 3 hours after symptoms began.

A young female presents with costovertebral angle tenderness. She is conscious and alert with stable vital signs. Which of the following organs is MOST likely causing her pain?

Kidney.

Which of the following statements regarding gastrointestinal bleeding is correct?

Bleeding within the gastrointestinal tract is a symptom of another disease, not a disease itself.

When obtaining medical history information from the family of a suspected stroke patient, it is MOST important to determine:

when the patient last appeared normal.

Which of the following conditions would be the LEAST likely to mimic the signs and symptoms of a stroke?

Hypovolemia.

Chronic renal failure is a condition that:

is often caused by hypertension or diabetes.

Elderly patients with abdominal problems may not exhibit the same pain response as younger patients because of:

age-related deterioration of their sensory systems.

A strangulated hernia is one that:

loses its blood supply due to compression by local tissues.

A 58-year-old male presents with confusion, right-sided weakness, and slurred speech. Your initial impression is that the patient is having a stroke. The patient's wife is present and she is very upset. As your partner is applying oxygen, which of the following has a direct impact on how this patient will be treated once he is taken to the ER?

determine how long this has been happening.

Which of the following organs assists in the filtration of blood, serves as a blood reservoir, and produces antibodies?

Kidney.

An area of swelling or enlargement in a weakened arterial wall is called:

an aneurysm

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