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5 Themes of Social Studies 5 Themes of Geography Landforms and geographical features 7 Elements of a Map Continents and Oceans Latitude and Longitude

History

The theme of social studies that focuses on the importance of studying and learning from past events.

Geography

The theme of social studies that focuses on physical locations and features of the globe and its impact on society.

Culture

The theme of social studies that studies peoples' various backgrounds, beliefs, traditions, and religions practiced around the world and how we interact with one-another.

Economics

The theme of social studies that focuses on resources, money, trade, and the financial system around the world.

Government

The theme of social studies that focuses on citizenship. The study of various political groups, governing systems, and leadership locally, nationally, and around the world.

Geography

The study of the Earth's surface and the way people use it.

Location

The theme of geography that helps identify where you are in the world. It can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using latitude or longitude or it can be relative

Place

The theme of geography that can be identified by its unique features that make it different from all other locations. Such as landforms, bodies of water, climate, soil, plant and animal life, other natural resources, buildings, bridges, farms, cultures, and/or ways of life.

Human-Environment Interactions

The theme of geography that looks at the relationships between people and their environement; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it.

Movement

This theme of geography refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another.

Regions

This theme of geography focuses on the areas of the Earth with features that make them different from other areas. It is defined by features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places.

Map Title

Tells the subject of the map

Map Key or Map Legend

Explains what the symbols on the map stand for

Compass Rose

direction marker

Cardinal Directions

north, south, east and west

Intermediate Directions

northwest, southwest, northeast, and southeast

Locator Map

A smaller map or picture of the globe that shows the specific area shown on the main map in relation to the entire globe. Where in the world are you looking?

Map Scale

A comparison of the distance on a map to the distance in the real world. It helps you find the real distance.

Inset Map

A small map within a larger map.

Lines of Latitude

The grid-lines that run from east-west on a map. "Fatitude lines"

Lines of Longitude

The grid-lines that run from north-south on a map.

Equator

The line of latitude at 0 degrees that separates the northern and southern hemispheres on the globe.

Prime Meridian

The line of longitude at 0 degrees that separates the eastern and western hemispheres.

The 7 Continents

North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica

The 4 Oceans

Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean

Desert

An extremely dry area with little water and few plants

Marsh

low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation

Sea-level

the average level of the surface of the ocean measured along a shoreline

Peninsula

body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water

Volcano

mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth

Isthmus

a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas

Mountain

land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill

Ocean

one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents

Gulf

part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay

Bay

an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf

Valley

an area of low land between hills or mountains

Canyon

a deep valley with steep sides often carved from the earth by a river

Strait

a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

Delta

flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth

Cataract

a large waterfall

Floodplain

an area along a river that forms from sediments deposited when the river overflows its banks

River

large natural stream of water that runs through the land

Island

a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water

Oasis

a fertile place in a desert where there is water and vegetation

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