EMS Quiz 7

Created by ashsk833 

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41 terms

Burns are classified according to:

depth and extent

The lower jawbone is called the:

mandible

A closed soft-tissue injury characterized by swelling and ecchymosis is called a(n):

contusion

Once a cervical collar has been applied to a patient with a possible spinal injury, it should not be removed unless:

it causes a problem managing the ABCs

Functions of the skin include all of the following, EXCEPT:

the production of key antibodies

Coordination of balance and body movement is controlled by the:

cerebellum

The cervical spine is composed of _____ vertebrae.

7

The five sections of the spinal column, in descending order, are the:

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal

Following a head injury, a 20-year-old female opens her eyes spontaneously, is confused, and obeys your commands to move her extremities. You should assign her a GCS score of:

14

A 38-year-old male was electrocuted while attempting to wire a house. Your assessment reveals that he is unresponsive, pulseless, and apneic. A coworker has shut off the power to the house. You should:

begin CPR and apply the AED

When immobilizing a patient on a long backboard, you should:

ensure that you secure the torso before securing the head

Which of the following statements regarding cervical collars is correct?

A cervical collar is used in addition to, not instead of, manual immobilization

A construction worker fell approximately 30′ and landed in a pile of steel rods. Your assessment reveals that he is pulseless and apneic and has a 10″ steel rod impaled in his left leg. You should:

control the bleeding, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), stabilize the steel rod, immobilize his spine, and transport immediately

The superficial temporal artery can be palpated:

just anterior to the tragus

Which of the following statements regarding the vitreous humor is correct?

It is a clear, jellylike fluid near the back of the eye that cannot be replaced if it is lost

Following direct trauma to the upper part of the anterior neck, a young male presents with labored breathing, loss of voice, and subcutaneous emphysema in the soft tissues around his neck. You should suspect a(n)

llaryngeal fracture

The eyeball itself is referred to as the:

globe

A reflex arc occurs when:

a sensory nerve detects an irritating stimulus and bypasses the brain by sending a direct message to the motor nerve

Which of the following skull fractures would be the LEAST likely to present with palpable deformity or other outward signs?

linear

A construction worker fell approximately 30′ and landed in a pile of steel rods. Your assessment reveals that he is pulseless and apneic and has a 10″ steel rod impaled in his left leg. You should:

control the bleeding, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), stabilize the steel rod, immobilize his spine, and transport immediately

Burns to pediatric patients are generally considered more serious than burns to adults because:

pediatric patients have more surface area relative to total body mass

Which of the following is a severe burn in a 35-year-old patient?

circumferential partial-thickness burn to the chest

A patient with a head injury presents with abnormal flexion of his extremities. What numeric value should you assign to him for motor response?

3

In addition to severe bleeding, the MOST life-threatening complication associated with an open neck injury is:

an air embolism

The upper jawbones are called the

maxillae

A 33-year-old male sustained an abdominal evisceration to the left lower quadrant of his abdomen after he was cut with a large knife. After appropriately managing his ABCs and assessing him for other life-threatening injuries, how you should care for his wound

Cover it with moist, sterile gauze and secure with an occlusive dressing

When assessing a patient with a closed soft-tissue injury, it is MOST important to:

remain alert for more severe underlying injuries

Functions of the skin include all of the following, EXCEPT:

the production of key antibodies

A 39-year-old male was struck in the head by a baseball during a game. He is confused, has a large hematoma in the center of his forehead, and cannot remember the events preceding the injury. After manually stabilizing his head and assessing his airway, you should:

administer high-flow oxygen

In addition to external bleeding, the MOST significant risk that an open soft-tissue injury exposes a patient to is:

infection

In order for electricity to flow through the body and cause damage

a complete circuit must exist between the electrical source and the ground

The MOST reliable sign of a head injury is:

a decreased level of consciousness

Distraction injuries of the spine are MOST commonly the result of:

hangings

You are dispatched to a convenience store, where the clerk sustained a laceration to the side of his neck during a robbery attempt. During your assessment, you note bright red blood spurting from the laceration. You should

apply direct pressure above and below the wound

During your assessment of a 22-year-old male who was assaulted, you note widespread contusions and abrasions to his face, chest, and abdomen. His pulse is rapid and weak, and his skin is cool and clammy. You should

administer oxygen and prepare for rapid transport

A 29-year-old male has an anterior nosebleed after he was accidentally elbowed in the nose. His is conscious and alert with adequate breathing. The MOST appropriate care for this patient includes:

leaning him forward and pinching his nostrils together

During your primary assessment of a 19-year-old unconscious male who experienced severe head trauma, you note that his respirations are rapid, irregular, and shallow. He has bloody secretions draining from his mouth and nose. You should:

suction his oropharynx for up to 15 seconds

Which of the following statements regarding motor nerves is correct

They carry information from the CNS to the muscles

Which of the following is of LEAST importance when initially assessing the severity of a burn?

known drug allergies

Once a cervical collar has been applied to a patient with a possible spinal injury, it should not be removed unless

it causes a problem managing the ABCs

You should be MOST suspicious that a patient has experienced a significant head injury if his or her pulse is

slow

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