5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Social Stigma
- Influence of Wars on Homelessness
- Charles Booth
- Deinstitutionalization: A Bold New Approach
- a Coined by Ervin Goffman
Stigma consists of stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination, is the co-occurrence of labeling, stereotyping, separation, status loss, and discrimination
People are prejudice to homeless, denying them as human
- b 1963
1950s, antipsychotic/antidepressant drugs were dev helping patients who languished for years in mental hospitals now improving
At same time public outcry about terrible conditions of mental hospitals and cost
Believed patients have better quality of life if placed in community as long as community support is in place and is less expensive
One impetus for deinstitutionalization was a book by Goffman
argued that, over time, patients become "institutionalized," contributing to chronicity of mental illness
Study by psychologist David L. Rosenhan, "On Being Sane in insane Places", which challenged the validity of psychiatric diagnosis (lived among in center)
Kennedy before assassination - "bold new approach" -
- c 1902-1904 wrote "Life and the Labour of the People in London"
British businessman, politician, and soc. reformer who org. and directed a major survey of the poor in London
Lived among the poor as a method of developing pertinent questions
Laid groundwork for a universal pension sys.
- d WWI, WWII, Korea, and Vietnam
Drew homeless in to volunteer for war
Following war, homelessness reappears
Cause of PTSD, substance abuse, physical disabilities which can cause homelessness
- e Makeshift houses built by homeless people during the Great Depression as part of Bonus Army
Named after Herbert Hoover, who was President, blamed
5 Multiple choice questions
- Created for the Amendment and better admin. of the laws relating to the poor ion England
Did away with a mix of old laws, created unified strategy
Stipulated that the poor receiving parish assistance (orphans, widows, unmarried poor women, aged, infirm, homeless) had to live in workhouses and perform work
- 41% Homeless Men are veterans
Homelessness from Great Depression abated when they joined mil in 1940 for WWII
End of WWII brought homelessness back as a major problem
Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (G. I. Bill) helped by providing a range of benefits
- Wrote on vagabonds through interviews
- December 10, 1948, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt champion of human rights
Relevant to homelessness and promotes community service
- In 1890 wrote "How the Other Half Lives"
Danish immigrant, lived in poverty among homeless
*May have been the first reformer to view the poor as victims rather than the cause of their own poverty*
Work became a classic, led to the closing of worst police lodging houses
5 True/False questions
Henry Mayhew → In 1861 wrote "London Labour and the London Poor" about poor in England using Ethnographic approach
"Hence all society would appear to arrange itself into
four different classes."
1. Those that will work
2. Those that cannot work
3. Those that will not work
4. Those that need not work
Myths regarding Homelessness → Substance Abuse, Criminality, Mental Illnesses associated with all homeless people
Homeless make neighborhoods worse
Belief of personal responsibility for homeless situation
Eleanor Roosevelt → Former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt champion of human rights
Helped tocreate Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): Relevance to Homelessness
What are some major Social Science research methods? Advantages/Disadvantages of each → Scientific Method
Experimental Design (Independent vs. Dependent Variables)
The major advantage of the Experimental Design is that it enables the researcher to demonstrate a causal relationship between the Independent Variable (IV) and the Dependent Variable (DV).
The major disadvantage is that it is often impossible, impractical, or unethical to manipulate the Independent Variable (IV).
Internal (random assignment) vs. External Validity (random selection)
Quasi Experimental Design
Advantage: The quasi-experimental design can be used when it is impossible, impractical, or unethical to manipulate the IV.
Disadvantage: Since a quasi-experimental design does not involve random assignment to groups, the Independent Variable (IV) is not truly manipulated, and so a causal relationship between the IV and DV cannot be fully inferred.
Correlational Design: determines the relationship between two variables.
Provides information that is useful in making predictions about future behavior.
Generate hypotheses to be tested with more sophisticated designs.
One can never infer causation from a correlation because...
The direction of the cause is often unclear; and
It is possible that a third variable causes both variables.
Ervin Goffman → Wrote on vagabonds through interviews