← SSC Unit 1 Exam Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Federal Definition of Homelessness
- Influence of Wars on Homelessness
- Definition of Social Work
- Deserving vs. Undeserving
- What are some major Social Science research methods? Advantages/Disadvantages of each
- a Act for Relief of the Poor (1601)
"Deserving" (elderly, young, families)
"Undeserving" (criminals, beggars)
- b WWI, WWII, Korea, and Vietnam
Drew homeless in to volunteer for war
Following war, homelessness reappears
Cause of PTSD, substance abuse, physical disabilities which can cause homelessness
- c Scientific Method
Experimental Design (Independent vs. Dependent Variables)
The major advantage of the Experimental Design is that it enables the researcher to demonstrate a causal relationship between the Independent Variable (IV) and the Dependent Variable (DV).
The major disadvantage is that it is often impossible, impractical, or unethical to manipulate the Independent Variable (IV).
Internal (random assignment) vs. External Validity (random selection)
Quasi Experimental Design
Advantage: The quasi-experimental design can be used when it is impossible, impractical, or unethical to manipulate the IV.
Disadvantage: Since a quasi-experimental design does not involve random assignment to groups, the Independent Variable (IV) is not truly manipulated, and so a causal relationship between the IV and DV cannot be fully inferred.
Correlational Design: determines the relationship between two variables.
Provides information that is useful in making predictions about future behavior.
Generate hypotheses to be tested with more sophisticated designs.
One can never infer causation from a correlation because...
The direction of the cause is often unclear; and
It is possible that a third variable causes both variables.
- d consists of the professional application of social work values, principles, and techniques to:
helping people obtain tangible services;
counseling and psychotherapy;
helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services;
participating in legislative processes.
- e An individual or family who: lacks a regular, fixed nighttime residence, who will immediately lose their primary nighttime residence, is fleeing domestic violence, sexual assault, other dangerous conditions; Unaccompanied youth under 25 or families w/ children who do not otherwise qualify under homeless under this definition.
Previous definition was narrow, only helps in determining who needs homeless services at a particular time
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Where to Look: shelters, streets (both downtown and residential), transitional housing programs, outreach teams, feeding and health care programs, etc.
Gather Clarifying Information
Sampling or Counting: interview few people for more info b/c counting cannot estimate
- National tragedy since America's founding
During colonial period, large numbers of "vagabonds" transported from England to American colonies of 18th Century
- Created for the Amendment and better admin. of the laws relating to the poor ion England
Did away with a mix of old laws, created unified strategy
Stipulated that the poor receiving parish assistance (orphans, widows, unmarried poor women, aged, infirm, homeless) had to live in workhouses and perform work
- run-down urban area with a large, impoverished population
1950s, antipsychotic/antidepressant drugs were dev helping patients who languished for years in mental hospitals now improving
At same time public outcry about terrible conditions of mental hospitals and cost
Believed patients have better quality of life if placed in community as long as community support is in place and is less expensive
One impetus for deinstitutionalization was a book by Goffman
argued that, over time, patients become "institutionalized," contributing to chronicity of mental illness
Study by psychologist David L. Rosenhan, "On Being Sane in insane Places", which challenged the validity of psychiatric diagnosis (lived among in center)
Kennedy before assassination - "bold new approach" -
5 True/False Questions
Camp La Guardia → In 1890 wrote "How the Other Half Lives"
Danish immigrant, lived in poverty among homeless
*May have been the first reformer to view the poor as victims rather than the cause of their own poverty*
Work became a classic, led to the closing of worst police lodging houses
Poorhouses → Place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment (England)
Mary Higgs → Wanderer
Someone who moves from place to place without a fixed home
Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (G. I. Bill) → helped veterans by providing a range of benefits, including low-cost mortgages, loans to start a business or farm, payment of college tuition and living expense, high school or vocational education, and unemployment compensation
US Department of Housing and Urban Development → Cabinet Department in the Executive Branch
Mission is to "increase home-ownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing free from discrimination"
established in 1965 (President Lyndon B. Johnson)