most common southern Indian drum. Pitch drum on right head, on base head there is deeper pitch variation.
In the beginning of Sarasiruha, there are two improvised sections (the alapana and the tanam) during which the __ player performs alone.
free (and) improvised
What distinguishes the alapana from the tanam in Sarasiruha? The alapana is completely __ and __.
the singer sings the names of the notes instead of lyrics
What distinguishes the kalpana svara from the rest of the kriti? t s s t n o t n i o l
mughal empire (around 1605)
in what cultural context did the Raga Yaman/hindustani music style develop?
1, 5, 13, 9
in the Raga Yaman, the tal is called Tintal and there is clapping on _, _, _, and hand waving on beat _.
precomposed phrase that is repeated three times to add emphasis to an arrival or to signal a shift to a new section.
an instrument with 3 drone strings and 4 playing strings. Complex slides and pulls of the strings allow the musician to interpret the character of each raga and its subtle intonation.
an instrument that is unfretted and round-bodied, with a hollow neck and four or five (rarely six) wire strings. The strings of the Tambura are plucked one after another in a standard pattern, in order to create a tonic resonance field in Hindustani classical music.
with the invention of these, films were no longer silent and it created a whole new style of music
temples, musicians, buying, radio, schools
some changes to music patronage in 20th century: decline of power in ___, __ moving to cities, __ tickets to concerts, __ and tv, and __.
young women who were ritually married to the god of a particular Hindu temple. They got to be literate, and were of higher status.
In 1799, the __ took control of most revenues and this accelerated the decline of the system of patronage that had been supporting the devadasis and other temple services.Because of that, many devadasis lost their livelihood and hones and turned to __ and were overall viewed as prostitutes.
decline, urban, recording
The rise of the urban middle class affected music and dance performances in the 20th century by: __ of courts, rise of __ middle class, patronage to general public, radio, __ industry, film industry, schools.
young girls especially were expected to learn at least enough music so that when it came time for an __ __, the parents could "sell" her skills to the family and the groom could dream of being seranaded by his bride.
verse of south indian music that is highly rhythmic exposition of the raga. No tala but a strong sense of a beat.
verse of south indian music that is nonmetrical, no regular beat; flowing proselike "breath rhythms", phrases that eventually come t o rest on important pillar notes.
instrument similar to the sitar but with no frets, because its strings are simply plucked to provide a drone
concluding section of instrumental improvisation...performers make lively and fast rhythmic patterns on the drone strings.