Judaism

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Jerusalem

Capital of Israel

Sinai Peninsula

According to the Torah, where Moses received the Ten Commandments

Mecca

A city in Saudi Arabia; the most holy city to Muslims

Jordan

Borders Israel to the East

Syria

Borders Israel to the Northeast

Abraham

The first Jew; established a series of covenants with God

Torah

Jewish holy text; a scroll

Covenant

An agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return

Ethical Monotheism

Emphasis on right conduct and the worship of one God

Sarah

Abraham's wife

Ishmael

Abraham's first son; Hagar's son

Isaac

Abraham's second son; Sarah's son

Brit Milah

Circumcision and naming ceremony for Jewish boys

Genesis

First book of the Torah

Mt. Moriah

The place where Abraham went to sacrifice Isaac or Ishmael

Diaspora

The scattering of Jews around the world

Rosh Hashanah

The Jewish New Year

Yom Kippur

The Day of Atonement

Seder

A meal during Passover where Jews retell the story of the Exodus

The Western Wall

All that remains of the Second Temple

Zionism

The movement for a Jewish homeland

The Garden of Gethsemane

Where Jesus spent the night before he was crucified

The Unction Stone

Where Jesus was said to be anointed and prepared for burial

Anti-Semitism

Prejudice and/or discrimination against Jews

Fatah

Palestinian party that dominates in the West Bank

Hamas

Militant group that dominates in the Gaza Strip

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