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Vocab for chapter 11 in World History and Geography

Seljuks

Turkish group that captured Baghdad from the Persians in 1055

Vizier

Seljuk prime minister

Crusades

Series of military campaigns against Turks and other Muslims for control of the Holy Land

Hulagu

Genghis Khan's grandson who captured Baghdad in 1258

Persia

armies from this country moved into Baghdad and ended the power of the caliph in 945

Isfahan

the capital of Seljuk kingdom

mamelukes

Turkish military slaves

Malik Shah

the most famous Seljuk sultan

Turks

these people were noted for their military skills

Taghril Beg

the founder of the Seljuk Dynasty

Saladin

famous Kurdish captain who helped the Muslims recover Jerusalem in 1187

Pope Urban 2

the person who launched the first crusade in 1095

Justinian Code

uniform system of laws for the Byzantine Empire

Ivan 3

ruler who created the first Russian empire

Patriarch

a leading bishop of the Eastern christianity

Slavs

groups inhabiting the forests north of the Black Sea

Vladimir

ruler of Kiev who made all his subjects convert to Byzantine Christianity

Alexander Nevsky

Novgorod prince who advised cooperation with the Mongols

czar

the Russian version of Caesar

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