Erik Erickson postulated that the main developmental issue for adolescents to wrestle with is their sense of ______.
The tendency for youths to reduce the frequency of their offending behavior as they become older is called ____.
the aging-out process
Nineteenth-century reformers who developed programs for troubled youth and influenced legislation creating the juvenile justice system were referred to as ____.
the child savers
A philosophical viewpoint that encourages the state to take control of wayward children and provide care, custody, and treatment to children is called ____.
the best interest of the child
Illegal actions committed by uveniles that would not be considered illegal if perpetrated by adults are called ____.
The FBI is currently developing and instituting a program called the ____, which collects more in-depth data on each reported crime.
National Incident-Based Reporting System
A questionnaire or survey technique that ask subjects to reveal their own participation in delinquent or criminal acts is called?
self report survey
With few exceptions, males are significantly more delinquent than females. The teenage gender ratio for serious violent crime is approximately ____ to one, male to female.
____ theory holds that youth will engage in criminal and delinquent behavior after weighing the consequences and benefits of their behavior.
The view that both thought and behavior have biological and social bases is called ____.
The view that all people are equal at birth and are thereafter influenced by their environment is called ____.
The theory that law violations are a product of an abnormal personality structure formed early in life is called ____
The view that behavior is modeled through observation, either directly through intimate contact with others, or indirectly through media is called ____.
social learning theory
____ theories view delinquency as the result of a person's interaction with critical elements of socialization.
Sociologist Oscar Lewis coined the phrase ____ to describe the crushing burden faced by the urban poor.
culture of poverty
____ theory hypothesizes that delinquency is picked up through close relationships with others.