American History Chapter 3 Section 5

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1. Spanish Florida 1a

A. St. Augustine was the first European settlement in what is now the U.S
B. As English colonies spread southward, Spanish control was threatened

1. Spanish 1b

C. To weaken the English colonies, the Spanish announced that enslaved Africans who escaped to Florida would be protected. They would get land if they helped defend the colony .
D. Spain's colony grew very slowly, only three major Spanish settlements were there.

2. Settling the Spanish Borderlands 1a

A. Spain's most important colonies- Mexico & South America
B. Main function of the Spanish borderlands was to protect Mexico from other European powers.

2. Settling the Spanish Borderlands 1b

C. Juan de Onate- Lead an expedition into New Mexico. His goal was to find gold, & convert Native Americans to Christianity & establish a permanent colony. Never found gold, but he did establish Spain's first settlement in the region of Santa Fe

Juan de Onate-

Lead an expedition into New Mexico. His goal was to find gold, & convert Native Americans to Christianity & establish a permanent colony. Never found gold, but he did establish Spain's first settlement in the region of Santa Fe

2. Settling the Spanish Borderlands 1c

D. Native Americans suffered under the British rule, they were eventually driven away
E. Roman Catholic missionaries played a key role in colonizing the borderlands. They wanted to convert the Native Americans (a new religion)

3. Life in Spanish Missions

A. Native Americans worked at Spanish missions:
1.) Farmed, built churches, learned crafts
2.) They worked 5-8 hours per day/ 5 or 6 days a week
3.) They did not work on Sundays or religious holidays
Native Americans were punished harshly if they violated mission rules.

Native Americans worked at Spanish missions:

1.) Farmed, built churches, learned crafts
2.) They worked 5-8 hours per day/ 5 or 6 days a week
3.) They did not work on Sundays or religious holidays

Borderlands-

Meaning lands along a frontier

Junipero Serra-

A missionary who played an important role in that effort

Presidos-

Military Posts

Pueblos-

Civilian towns

Where is St. Augustine located?

Florida

B. Why do you think the colony failed to attract settlers?

They probably failed because there was so many people coming.

A. Why were the borderlands important to Spain?

It was important because it keep other European settlers out

B. How did the importance of the border lands influence the way Spain ruled this region?

They were very careful who they let in and let out. They had Native American and Slaves. Established missions.

A. How did Junipero Serra help establish Spain's presence in the America's?

He helped set up missions and that helped build cities. San Diego.

B. In what way have the early Spanish missions influenced today's Americans?

They later became large cities.

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