Chapter 18 - Gothic Art

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Abbot Suger

served as regent of France, abbot of Saint-Denis and was responsible for its rebuilding. coined term "lux nova"

pointed arch

a narrow arch of pointed profile

rib vault

a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them

rose window

a circular stained-glass window

royal portal

the doors of the west facade at Chartres Cathedral, contains episodes from the life of Christ

triforium

the blind arcaded gallery below the clerestory

rayonnant style

the "raidant' style of GOthic architecture, dominant in the second half of the 13th century and associated with the French royal court and Louis IX at Paris

perpendicular style or perpendicular gothic

a Gothic syle in 14th and 15th century England characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered arch and fan vaulting

flying buttress

consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or series of arches and a solid buttress to which it transmits lateran thrust

Cult of the Virgin

as mother of Christ Mary stood b/t Last Judge and horrors of Hell and could intercede for those faithful to her. Worshipers in the late 12th and 13th Centuries sang hymns to her, put her image everywhere, and dedicated catherdrals to her. Christian knights dedicated their lives to her

pinnacle

a sharply pointed ornament capping the piers or flying buttresses

stained glass

the colored glass used for windows

Lux Nova

the term Abbot Suger used to describe stained glass

tracery

ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place

lancet

a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch

flamboyant style

a late Gothic style of architecture supersceding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery

fan vault

radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern in this structure

Notre Dame

a famous early gothic cathedral in Paris (started 1163); the Virgin Mary

Chartres Cathedral

Early Gothic Cathedral, has assymetrical spires (one is High Gothic)

kings gallery

A line statues at Notre Dame in Paris of 28 kings of Judah and Israel

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