AP US History American Pageant (Chapter 7) The Road to Revolution

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republicanism

What is the political theory of representative government based on the principle of popular sovereignty and a strong emphasis on liberty and civic virtue?

radical Whigs

Who were British political commentators who feared the threat to liberty of the arbitrary use of power by the monarch?

mercantilism

What was the economic system that stated a nation's strength came from its economic wellbeing and thus manipulated colonies to achieve these goals?

Navigation Laws

What were the series of laws passed, beginning in 1650, to regulate colonial shipping; the acts provided that only English ships would be allowed to trade in English and colonial ports, and that all goods destined for the colonies would first pass through England.?

Sugar Act (1764)

What was the first law passed for raising tax revenue for Britain in the colonies?

Quartering Act (1765)

What was the legislation that required the colonists to feed and shelter British troops but was summarily ignored?

Stamp Act

What was the law passed by the British Parliament in 1765 requiring colonists to pay a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and even playing cards?

George Grenville

Who was the British minister who raised a storm of protest by passing the Stamp Act?

admiralty courts

What were the hated British courts in which juries were not allowed and defendants were assumed guilty until proven innocent?

virtual representation

What was the British governmental theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including Americans, even if they did not vote for its members?

Stamp Act Congress

What was a gathering of nine American colonies in 1765 to protest unfair taxation by the British?

nonimportation agreements

What was the effective form of organized colonial resistance against the Stamp Act, which made homespun clothing fashionable?

Sons and Daughters of Liberty

What were the name of the patriotic groups during the 1760s who enforced opposition to the British government's taxation policies?

Declaratory Act

Parliament passed this act in 1766 when it repealed the Stamp Act. It stated that the colonies were entirely subordinate to Parliament's authority, and that Parliament had the authority to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever."

Charles Townshend

Who was the British minister whose clever attempt to impose import taxes in 1767 nearly succeeded, but eventually brewed trouble for Britain?

Townshend Acts

What was the collective name of the legislation passed in 1767 that imposed duties on glass, lead, paper, paint and tea?

Boston Massacre

What event occured in 1770 under the leadership of Captain Thomas Preston when a group of American protesters were killed in New England?

Crispus Attucks

Who was the runaway mulatto who led the colonists against the British during the Boston Massacre and was killed?

committees of correspondence

What was organized by Samuel Adams in Massachusetts as a response to an increased presence of British officials to spread the spirit of resistance through letters?

Lord North

Who was the British Prime Minister who rescinded the taxes on lead, paper, and other goods but allowed a duty to remain on tea ultimately leading to the Boston Tea Party?

Boston Tea Party

What was the event organized by disguised "Indians" in 1773 to sabotage British support of a British East India Company monopoly?

Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

What was the name the colonists gave to legislation passed by Parliament to chastise Boston for the Boston Tea Party?

Quebec Act

What was the name of the law passed by Britain in 1774 that allowed French people under British rule to practice Catholicism and altered the boundaries of French inhabited Canada?

First Continental Congress (1774)

Convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that convened in Philadelphia to craft a response to the Intolerable Acts. Delegates established Association, which called for a complete boycott of British goods.

the Association

What was the effective organization created by the First Continental Congress in 1774 to provide a total boycott of all British goods?

John Hancock

Who was the wealthy president of the Continental Congress and so-called "King of Smugglers"?

minutemen

What were the rapidly mobilizing colonial militia whose refusal to disperse sparked the first shots of the Revolution?

Lexington and Concord

What were the sites of the "shot heard round the world" that inaugurated war with Britain in 1775?

Patrick Henry

Who was the influential Virginian whose address to the Second Virginia Convention at St. John's Church in Richmond in 1775 concludes with "Give me liberty or give me death."?

Valley Forge

What was the site where the Continental Army camped during the winter of 1777-1778 after its defeats at the Battles of Brandywine and Germantown. The winter was a season of intense suffering and casualties due to the cold and disease. The army was motivated and trained by von Steuben.

Baron von Steuben

Who was the Prussian army officer who helped train the Continental Army into fighting readiness at Valley Forge?

Lafayette

Who was the nineteen year old French major general in the Revolutionary Army who helped secure French aid for the cause?

Hessians

What were German mercenaries hired by George III to fight the American revolutionaries called?

Lord Dunmore (Ethiopian regiment)

Who was the royal governor of Virginia who issued a proclamation promising freedom for any enslaved black in Virginia who joined the British army?

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