How did monarchies raise funds for their state?
Sold monopolies and hereditary offices
Concordat of Bologna 1516
Gave French monarch the ability to control bishops and overrule judgement of ecclesiastical courts.
Was protesting from the nobles of the sword to regain their titles and privileges
Who was Louis, Prince of Conde?
Loyal Bourbon-- war hero during battle of Rocroi with the Spanish-- when he continued to receive privileges and titles from the monarchy.
Why was Mazarin disliked?
He had a system of patronage that favored his financial friends.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert was dubbed "the north" because...
He resurveyed land and created a new map to better administer the talle.
The vigtieme was..
5% tax on land for use of roads, canals etc.
Famous quotation of Louis XIV
"One king, one law, one faith"
Who wrote Tartuffe 1664?
One of the newest administrative departments that Louis XIV created was...
The ministry of war
What made international law ineffective in the 1700s?
There was arbitration between powers but no neutral party to conduct it.
In regards to Hungary, the Hapsburg failed to...
Impose centralized rule over them despite declaring Hapsburg's sovereignty.
What was the political trend in Prussia-Brandenburg?
Peasants lost their freedom of movement and inheritance.
What was Ivan IV of Russia's service state?
A state where nobles served him and thus he provided them with protection from peasant revolts.
Charles XI and Charles XII of Sweden both
Found it difficult to be an absolute power
Peter the Great of Russia
Borrowed Western technical knowledge and attached it to the structures of Russian absolutism. (Military might at the center)
Two characteristics of a modern state are
State bureaucracy and large standing army.
Puritans emphasized everything below except
Baptism and communion
Armenians emphasized everything below except
Biblical interpretation by minister or preacher only
The "Petition of rights"
Basically granted the right of parliament to exsist and condemned arbitrary arrests
What wzs the New model Army?
Parliaments army-- which received regular payments
Were those who called for new laws to protect the poor
After Colonel Thomas Pride wouldn't allow Presbyterians and some independents into parliament, the trial of Charles 1 was conducted with him refusing to defend himself and hen Charles 1 was excecuted, what was the parliament known as?
The Rump Parliament
Thomas Hobbes' philosophy best represents the views of
John Locke's philosophy best represents the views of
The Act of Settlement in 1652
Took 2/3 of the Catholic land in Ireland and gave it to English colonists
The Clarendon Code
Was a set of laws against dissenters of the Church of England
Toleration Act of 1689
Protestant dissenters could hold public services in licensed meeting houses and maintain preachers
Two institutions that not only lent money to joint-stock companies and wealthy nobility but also to states in the North Atlantic trade were
Bank of Amsterdam and bank of london
The price Revolution was
Rise in population and economic boom at same time. Cost of living didn't meet wages earned
What were some of the problems that Charles V faced with Spain as the King of Spain?
Didn't speak Spanish and spent very little time in Spain but used the tax system in Spain to help finance the Thirty Years' War while eliminating some key noble positions in gov't and replacing them with foreign officials
What war helped strengthen royal power for the House of Tudor in England?
The War of Roses
One of Henry VII legacies was the creation of
The justice of the peace for unpaid nobles
The Act of Supremacy is
Everyone had to recognize the Church of England as official church
Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth, why?
To give Catholics permission not to obey her.
Took away common land which was used by anyone
Who were the gentility?
Because of he fear that the gentry and middling sort had for the poor
Duke of Alba
hated man by the Netherlands; chosen by Philip II to suppress the revolt in the Netherlands
Union of Utrecht
The union created for the Netherlands that granted their independence against Spain
central govt controls economy
Companies that financed the settlement of America.
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Treaty of Munster
Document that recognized the Dutch Netherlands' independence from Spain (1648)
(1622-1673) French Theatre: catered to the upper class, the aristocrats. His comedies mocked religion but Louis XIV thought it was funny