Murray E2 Honors Midterm 2010/2011

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PHOBIA

fear, dislike, aversion

Acrophobia

fear of heights

Agoraphobia

fear of open spaces

Claustrophobia

fear of enclosed or narrow places

Hydrophobia

morbid (abnormal) fear of water

Monophobia

fear of being alone

Photophobia

morbid aversion to light

PHIL

"loving," fond of"

Philanthropy

love of humanity, as shown in donations to charities and social causes

Philately

collection or study of stamps

Philosopher

lover of, or searcher for, wisdom or knowledge

Bibliophile

lover of books

Misanthrope

hater of humanity

Misogamy

hatred of marriage

Misogyny

hatred of women

Misology

hatred of argument, reasoning, or discussion

Misoneism

hatred of anything new

DYS

"bad," "ill," "difficult"

Dysentery

inflammation of the large intestine usually caused by harmful microorganism in food or water

Dyspepsia

poor digestion; indigestion

Dysphasia

speech difficulty resulting from brain injury

Dysphoria

sense of great unhappiness or dissatisfaction

Dystopia

imaginary place where living conditions are dreadful

Dystrophy

faulty nutrition

EU

"good," "well," "advantageous"

Eugenics

science dealing with improving the hereditary qualities (genes) of the human race

Eulogize

write or speak in praise of someone, usually a person who is deceased

Euphemism

substitution of a "good" expression for an unpleasant one. Example: passed away for death, or custodial engineer for janitor.

Euphonious

pleasing in sound

Euphoria

sense of great happiness or well-being

Euthanasia

The act or practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from a terminal illness or an incurable condition, as by lethal injection or the suspension of extraordinary medical treatment (literally "advantageous death")

MACRO

"large," "long"

MICRO

"small," "minute"

Macrocosm

great world; universe

Macron

horizontal mark indicating the vowel over which it is placed is long

A (AN)

"not," "without"

Amorphous

without definite form or shape

Anarchy

total absence of rule of government; confusion; disorder

Anemia

lack of normal number of red blood cells

Anesthesia

loss of feeling or sensation resulting from ether, chloroform, Novocain, etc.

Anomalous

not normal; abnormal

Anoxia

condition characterized by an absence of oxygen supply to an organ or a tissue

Aseptic

free from disease-causing microorganisms

Asymptomatic

showing no symptoms of disease

Atrophy

a wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use

MONO (MON)

"one," "single," "alone"

POLY

"many"

Polyarchy

ruled by many

Polychromatic

showing a variety of colors

Monogamy

marriage with one mate at a time

Polygamy

marriage to several mates at the same time

Polymorphic

having various forms

Monosyllabic

having one syllable

Polysyllabic

have more than one syllable

Monotheism

belief that there is one god

Polytheism

belief that there is more than one god

Monogram

two or more letters interwoven to represent a name

Monograph

a detailed written study of a single specialized subject or an aspect of it

Monologue

long speech given by one person

Monomania

exaggerated or obsessive enthusiasm for or preoccupation with one thing.

Polyglot

person who speaks several languages

LOGY

"science," "study," "account"

Cardiology

science dealing with the actions and diseases of the heart

Dermatology

science dealing with the skin and its diseases

Ecology

science dealing with the relation of the living things to their environment and to each other

Genealogy

account of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor

Geology

the science that deals with the earth's physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it.

Meteorology

science dealing with the atmosphere and the weather

Necrology

list of persons who have recently died

Neurology

scientific study of the nervous system and its diseases

Paleontology

The study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.

Pathology

science dealing with the nature and causes of diseases

Sociology

study of evolution, development, and functioning of human society

Theology

study of religion and religious ideas

BIO

"life"

Abiogenesis

spontaneous generation (development of life from lifeless matter)

Biocidal

destructive to life or living things

Biodegradable

capable of being readily decomposed into harmless substances by living microorganisms

Biogenesis

development of life from preexisting life

Biometry

statistical calculation of the probable duration of human life

Biopsy

diagnostic examination of a piece of tissue from the living body

Biota

the living plants (flora) and living animals (fauna) of a region

Microbe

very minute living organism; germ; microorganism

Symbiosis

interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both

TOMY (TOM)

"cutting," "operation of incision"

Anatomy

dissection of plants, animals, or anything else for the purpose of studying their structure

Dichotomy

a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different

Gastrectomy

surgical removal of part or all of the stomach

Lobotomy

a surgical operation involving incision into the prefrontal lobe of the brain, formerly used to treat mental illness.

Mastectomy

surgical removal of a breast

Phlebotomy

the surgical opening or puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood or introduce a fluid, or (historically) as part of the procedure of letting blood.

Tome

one volume, or "cut" of a work of several volumes; scholarly book

Tracheotomy

surgical operation of cutting into the windpipe (trachea) to create airway

POD

"foot"

Antipodes

the direct opposite of something; parts of the globe (or their inhabitants) diametrically opposite (literally, "with the feet opposite")

Podiatrist

one who treats ailments of the foot

Podium

dais; raised platform

Tripod

utensil, stool, or caldron having three legs

HETERO

"different"

Heterochromatic

having different colors

Homogeneous

of the same kind; similar; uniform

Heterogeneous

differing in kind; dissimilar; varied

Heteromorphic

exhibiting diversity of form

Homocentric

having the same center; concentric

Homophonic

having the same sound

ARCHY

"rule"

Hierarchy

a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority

Matriarchy

a form of social organization in which the mother rules the family or tribe; descent being traced through the mother

Patriarchy

a form of social organization in which the father rules the family or tribe; descent being traced through the father

GEO

"earth," "ground"

Geocentric

having or representing the earth as the center, as in former astronomical system

Geopolitics

study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography

Geotropism

response to the earth's gravity, as the growing of roots downward in the ground

PATH (PATHO, PATHY)

1. "feeling," "suffering"; (2) "disease"

Antipathy

aversion; dislike

Apathy

lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference

Empathy

the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.

Homeopathy

the treatment of disease by minute doses of natural substances that in a healthy person would produce symptoms of disease

Psychopath

a person suffering from chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behavior

a, ab

away, from

ante

before

circum

around

con (col, com, cor)

together, with

contra

against

de

from, down

dis

apart, away

extra

beyond

In (il, im, ir)

not

inter

between

intra

within

Ob, op

against

per

through, thoroughly

post

after

pre

before

pro

forward

re

again, back

retro

backward

sub, sup

under

trans

across, through

ultra

beyond, exceedingly

vice

in place of

hierarchy

a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority

geo

earth, ground

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