The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great liberties: freedom of the press, of speech, of religion, and of assembly.
the right to bear arms
no quartering of soldiers
protects you from unreasonable search and seizure of your home and property
The constitutional amendment designed to protect the rights of persons accused of crimes, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and punishment without due process of law.
The right to a speedy trial (and attorney)
right to trial by jury if case involves more than twenty dollars
protection against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
states that people's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.
the clause that says that powers not delegated to the United States are reserved to the states or to the people
a constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians
Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote
granted women the right to vote in 1920
Divides powers between the Federal and State governments
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
The agreement by which the number of each state's representatives in Congress would be based on a count of all the free people plus three-fifths of the slaves
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
The agreement that said larger states would be represented by the House, based on population, and the smaller states would be represented in the Senate, where each state would get two representatives.
enforces laws; President and cabinet
Makes the laws; United States Congress
Made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate
House of Representatives
435 Members, based on population of the state
100 members; two per state giving equal representation
Interprets the laws; the Supreme Court - 9 members that serve life terms.
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
House of Representatives Qualifications
total of 435 representatives, 2-year term, must be 25 or older, live in the state of representation, and a citizen for 7 years
30 years old, citizen for 9 years, must live in the state you represent, 6 year term
4yr term, 35 yr age min requirement, natural born citizen only, inhabitant of us for at least 14 yrs
Checks and Balances
system to prevent branches of government from becoming too powerful
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
To be accused of a crime while in public office; does NOT mean to be kicked out of office
reversal of a presidential veto by a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress
the part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
the Constitution is the supreme law of the land
the rights due to all citizens
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower courts; This applies to the Supreme Court in this case.
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781 during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
a form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws
Believed that the "good of the nation" rather than "personal interests" should be how the nation's government should be created.
A government would benefit from "self-interest", meaning that of people were allowed to pursue their own economic and political interests, the nation as a whole would benefit.
a written plan of government
Government that includes voting but does not allow everyone to vote (in 18th century generally only white, land-owning males could vote)
Assembly of the 13 colonies that rules during the Revolutionary War under the Articles of Confederation. It passed the Declaration of Independence
An alliance of independent states
any change in the Constitution or Articles of Confederation
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
agreement at the constitutional Convention that 3/5 of the slaves in any state be counted in its population
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
the branch of government that makes the laws.
The branch of the government that enforces laws
The branch of the government that interprets the laws