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Which tissue cannot be considered a major tissue type

Extracellular Tissue

What is the chemical formula for Ammonia

NH3

Ions that have a negative charge

Anions

What is the most numerous element in the body

Hydrogen

In body weight calculations, what do we have as the highest concentration in the body

Protein

The three dimensional shape of a molecule is known as

Conformation

Which of the following bases of base pairs is not associated with deoxyribonucleic acid

Uracil

Which of the following base of base pairs is not associated with RNA

Thymine

The atomic weight of an atom is the ratio of an atom's mass compared to _____ atom

Carbon

What is the characteristic number of covalent bonds that carbon forms

4

DNA consists of how many chains of nucleotides coiled together

2

Alkaline solutions have a pH that is higher than what

7.0

Which cell is not considered a major class of biological units

cytosol cells

Which of the following is not considered a function of the plasma membrane in cells

protein synthesis

Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis

Ribosomes

One ____ is the heat required to increase the temp of water 1 degree if 1 gram of water is present on the Celsius scale

Calorie

A state of chemical equilibrium where the product of the reaction has required almost all the reactants

Irreversible reaction

The primary molecule of energy transfer is

ATP

In glucose breakdown what stage is the most energy produced

oxidative phosphorylation

Arterioles, venules and capillaries are collectively known as

microcirculation

Which arteries carry low oxygenated blood to the lungs

pulmonary arteries

blood entering the right ventricle in the heart during normal circulation goes to the ______ next

lungs

Blood entering the left ventricle in the heart during normal circulation goes to the _____ next

systemic circulation

What is not a function of the kidneys?

Secreting enzymes

Is the kidney part of the gastrointestinal structure?

NO

Is the pancreas part of the urinary structure

NO

The point in a female's menstrual cycle that is most associated with pregnancy/fertility

ovulation

Plasma cells make

antibodies

On the periodic table what is Sn

Tin

On the periodic table what is Cr

Chromium

On the periodic table what is Ti

Titanium

What element has the atomic # 1

Hydrogen

One mole is

6.04 x 10 to the 23rd (Avogadro's #)

The "sensory fingers" of a nerve are callled

dendrites

The central nervous system is composed of the

brain and spinal cord

An atom that only has one electron in the outer orbit is considered a

free radical

Solutes dissolve in a ______ to form a solution

solvent

Glucose is considered a _____ sugar

simple

Is glycogen considered a steriod?

NO

The sugar in each nucleotide of RNA is called

Ribose

What cell structures conduct the nerve signal from the cell body to target cells in neural tissue

Axon

The rhythmical changes in the body during a 24 hour period is known as the

Circadian rhythm

The movement of molecules across a membrane

Diffusion

The process of evulution applies the principle of ______ to allow the survival of the fittest

Natural Selection

The human body has ____ chromosomes

23

The process of converting DNA to RNA is called

Transcription

Glucose is converted in the most ATP's under which of the following conditions

Aerobic

The breakdown of organic molecules is called

Catabolism

One calorie is the amount of heat necessary to raise ___g of water ___ degree on the celsius scale

1, 1

Which cell organelle produces the most ATP's

Mitochondria

What is the thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eyeball that the image of an object is projected on

Retina

The ___ and ___ provide information about the body's position in space with movemement from the ear

utricle and saccule

Which nerve is cranial nerve #1

olfactory

The compound NaCl

Sodium Chloride

Household ammonia and human blood are considered

bases

Human blood is what % water?

91.5%

_____ is the changing of substances into a different form that entered the body

assimilation

When two or more elements are combined this forms a

compound

What type of chemical reaction is this:
AB+CD = AD + CB

Exchange reaction

What type of chemical reaction is this:
AB = A + B

Synthesis reaction

Which of the following cartilage is considered the firmest type of connective tissue

elastic cartilage

Which of the following is not a characteristic of smooth muscle

the presence of intercalated disks

What is the correct sequence of Mitosis

Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

At what point during mitosis do the chromosomes (chromatids) separate

Anaphase

The process of a WBC engulfing a bacterial cell

phagocytosis

What are the building blocks of proteins

amino acids

Can proteins break down fats?

NO

Lactose is considered a

double sugar

Homeostasis in the body is done through what kind of process

Negative Feedback

Different tissues make up

organs

Skin, sweat glands and nails are considered part of which organ system

Integumentary

Atoms that gain or lose electrons

Ions

The atomic number of an element is classified by the number of ____ in the nucleus

protons

How many electrons are found in the second shell of the atom if the atom is filled to capacity in the second shell

8

Elements are made of small particles known as

Atoms

What can be found in the nucleus of an atom

protons and neutrons

The majority of the periodic table is comprised of elements that are considered

metals

The ability of unspecialized cells to turn into specialized cells is known as

cell differentiation

What is the charge of an electron

-1

Which element is not considered a major element in the human body

Nitrogen

When skeletal muscle contracts which of the following mechanisms is applied

sliding-filament mechanism

which cells can engulf a bacterial cell

WBC's

Which area of the brain controls balance and vision input

occipital lobe

The specific scientific name of an organism is identified by ____ and ____

order and species

Compounds that are in various structure alignments, but are the same mass and made of the same elements are known as

Isomer

Insulin is produced where in the pancreas

Islets of Langerhan

the process of converting sunlight into energy in plants

photosynthesis

Gregor Mendel's ground breaking genetic research was conducted on which type of plants

Pea plants

The thyroid requires ____ to function

Iodine

What compound is necessary for photosynthesis

Carbon Dioxide

Is the tibia part of the axial skeleton

NO

What animal is considered an invertebrate

Starfish

The process of cytoplasm division during plant cell replication is called

cytokenesis

Gas exchange occurs in which tissue

Capillaries

The end products of photosynthesis are ____ and ____

Oxygen and Glucose

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