World Cultures Family

39 terms by peaceluvhockey212 

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A social group that usually consists of a mother, father, and children living together. Rights and obligations with regard to other family members.

family

o When a family teaches a child how to be in their culture from infancy

Enculturation

A type of small agricultural commune in present-day Isreal, where children are not raised by their parents (they are raised by specialists)

Kibbutz

A family that is composed of a man, a woman, or just partners and their children. So it is a two generation family.

nuclear family

A family that includes a third generation.

extended family

When siblings, their husbands and wives and their children live together, also in societies where polygamy is accepted

joint family

Someone's brothers and sisters

siblings

Marriage

conjugal relationship

Having one spouse

monogamy

having many spouses

polygamy

When a husband has more then one wife

polygyny

When a wife has more than one husband

polyandry

When a newly married couple sets up their own house, apart form either set of in-laws

Neolocal

If a newly wedded couple lives at the groom's father's house

Patrilocal

If a newly wedded couple lived with the bride's family

Matrilocal

A family where the woman (or the woman's family) has the final say

Matriarchy

When the men of the family are clearly dominant

Patriarchy

When decision making is fairly equal in families

Equalitarian

The pattern in which people are considered related to each other

kinship system

Everyone in the parents generation are considered like parents

generational system

When there is someone else (like a godparent) in a child's life outside of the rules of blood relationships

ritual co-parenthood

Large unilineal kinship groups that believe they have a common ancestor in the remote past.

Clan

social (marriage, nonrelated, godparents, in-laws, friendship, step-siblings) relationships

affinal relationships

When children are a part of both parent's families

bilineal descent

People belonging to a family or one or the other parent

unilineal descent

When someone only belongs to the mother

matrilineal descent

When someone only belongs to a father

patrilineal descent

A custom or law that permits marriage only among people with the same social or religious group

Endogamy

The rule requiring that marriages be to a person outside of the family or social group

Exogamy

A basic restriction that forbids people too closely related by blood to get married

incest taboo

Signifies that a couple is expected to marry

Betrothal

A rigid status that is an extreme case of social status or class endogamy

Caste

When a man pays a girls family for taking her from them

bride price

Something that is brought by a bride to her husband on their marriage

Dowry

Dutiful obedience on the part of children to parents

filial loyalty

A custom that requires a man to marry his brother's widow and assume responsibility for his children

Levirate

Requires that should a man's wife die, he must marry her unmarried sister

Sororate

A marriage/ match making system

go-between

A break up in a marriage

Divorce

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