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In the late fourth century, Christianity was proclaimed the official religion of the Roman empire by Emperor

Theodosius.

Constantine founded an eastern capital for the Roman empire.

T

Buddhism was spread to China by

foreign merchants

The tetrarchs were

the four officials who ruled the Roman empire under Diocletian's plan

Nestorians were Christian thinkers who stressed the human nature of Jesus.

T

Diocletian divided the Roman empire in half.

T

The most important port on the Red Sea, constructed by the Ptolemies, was

Berenice.

The information that Zhang Qian brought back encouraged Han Wudi to destroy the Xiongnu and lay the foundations for the

silk roads

In 476 C.E., the Germanic leader Odovacer brought an end to the western half of the Roman empire when he overthrew

Romulus Augustolus

Devout Manichaeans, who abstained from marriage and sexual relations and who devoted their lives to prayer and fasting, were called the

elect

The fact that by the first century C.E. southeast Asian kings called themselves rajas shows how they were influenced by the

Indians.

In the structure of the early Christian church, who presided over the dioceses?

bishops

In the west, the silk roads terminated in the Turkish port of

Antioch

The expanding influence of India was shown by the fact that southeast Asian kings called themselves

rajas

That Jesus possessed both human and divine natures was a decision made by the Council of

Nicaea

In regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar

favored liberal policies and social reform

The term paterfamilias refers to

The patriarchal nature of the Roman family

Which of the following religions was NOT popular during the Roman empire?

Islam

During times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a(n)

dictator.

Vesta was the Roman goddess of

the hearth

Which of the following groupings of early societies and their rivers is correct?

Mesopotamia-Tigris and Euphrates; Egypt-Nile; Harappan-Indus; China-Huang He

In Kush,

there is evidence of many female rulers

Around 3100 B.C.E., the conqueror Menes founded ________, a city that would serve as the capital for early Egypt

Memphis

Aristotle

believed that philosophers could rely on their senses.

The Hyksos were

External invaders who helped bring about the end of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom

The Indian work that deals with a dialogue between the warrior, Arjuna, and his charioteer, Krishna, is the

Bhagavad Gita

Xunzi was the post-Confucian scholar who believed that human beings selfishly pursued their own interests

True

Junzi were Confucian "superior individuals" who took an active role in public affairs

T

The most important text of Daoism is the

Daodejing

The most powerful Han emperor, known for his administrative centralization and imperial expansion, was

Wudi

Nebuchadnezzar was the first conqueror to unite all of Mesopotamia.

F

Aryans used the term varnas to refer to the major social classes.

T

At the heart of Mencius's philosophy was the belief that

a human nature was essentially good

Shang Yang and Han Feizi hoped to control China's subjects

with clear and strict laws.

Megasthenes was

the Macedonian general who invaded India in 327 B.C.E.

The creator of the first empire in Mesopotamia was

Sargon of Akkad

Queen Hatshepsut served as co-ruler with her stepson Tuthmosis III.

T

Harkhuf was

an Egyptian explorer who visited Nubia.

The Maya believed that monumental change would occur whenever their ceremonial and solar calendars returned to their respective starting points at the same time. This event took place every ________ solar years.

52

Latifundia were

enormous plantations worked by slaves

The Romans had a long tradition of written law, stretching back to 449 B.C.E. and the creation of the

Twelve Tables.

Epictetus was a slave who became a leading Roman Stoic philosopher.

T

In regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar

favored liberal policies and social reform

The Essenes were a Jewish sect that looked for the appearance of a savior.

T

In the ancient world, the main producer of silk was

China

The "barracks emperors" were the

twenty-six Roman emperors between 235 and 284 C.E.

After 330 C.E., the capital of the Roman world became

Constantinople.

A key element in establishing trade across the Indian Ocean was the

Monsoon Winds

The Roman empire was divided into two parts by

Diocletian

The term sinicization refers to the

spread of Chinese culture

The fact that by the first century C.E. southeast Asian kings called themselves rajas shows how they were influenced by the

Indians.

The information that Zhang Qian brought back encouraged Han Wudi to destroy the Xiongnu and lay the foundations for the

:
silk roads.

The trading port of Rhapta was located

on the east African coast

The leader of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in 410 C.E. was

Alaric

After the collapse of the western half of the Roman empire, imperial authority survived for another thousand years in the

Byzantine Empire

In the west, the silk roads terminated in the
Turkish port of

Antioch.

Christian thought was linked to Platonic philosophy through the work o

St. Augustine.

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