thought that as humans we take our mental reality and recreate it in our natural world
you prefer a stimuli you've already seen over a novel (new) stimuli, even if you don't remember seeing it
people who are blind have been able to identify their surroundings; they see using a different level of consciousness
Mental activity that you are aware of occurs at this level
non conscious level
body processes controlled by the mind that you are not aware of
info. about you or the environment that you are not currently thinking about
info. we are not consciously aware of, but know it exists because of behavior
events or feelings that are unacceptable to the conscious mind and are repressed; debated by psychologists
imagery in absence of external stimulation
1990 associated w/ activation-synthesis theory
in your brain, neurons fire and your cortex tries to interpret it; this leads to revealing perceptions, conflicts, and concerns
when you're dreaming, you know you're dreaming; you can either choose to stay or leave
a periodic, more or less regular fluxuation in a biological system that may or may not have psychological implications
synchronization of biological rhythms with external cues ex. time/position of sun, date etc.
occur app every 24 hrs; aka sleep wake cycle (even when isolated from time cues); regulated by the biological clock (SCN);desynchronization throws off circadium rhythms
occur less than once a day ex. bears hybernating, menstrual cycle, etc
occur more often than once a day ex. sleep cycle, hormones fluxuate, etc.
seasonal defective disorder; controversial disorder in which a person experiences depression during the winter and improvement in the spring
premenstrual syndrome; when hormones rise and fall
rapid eye mvmt; lasts 10-20 min; called paradoxical sleep; muscle are relaxed but brain and eye mvmt are active; dreams occur; heart rate increases; finger and face twitch
stages of sleep
four stages in which brain waves change from small and rapid to delta waves before entering REM sleep
have trouble falling or remaining asleep; 15-20% is chronic; 30-40% is occasional: women more than men
irresitable and unpredictable daytime attacks of sleep; lasts 5-30 mins; appear btw ages of 15-25; genetic; therapy=medication
horrific dreams common in small children; their heart rate surges, they talk incoherently, and sit up
immaturity of nervous system; more common in boys; therapy=behavior modification or medication
15%; sleep talking 50%; do not remember
breathing that periodically stops for a few min.; causes high blood pressure and irregular heart beat; common
A drug capable of influencing perception, mood, cognition, or behavior.
(Uppers, Meth). Stimulant. Effects: Wakefulness, alertness, raised metabolism, elevated mood. Results: Nervousness, loss of appetite & death.
Stimulant; Least harmful if chewed; Effects: Euphoria, excitation, boost of energy, suppressed appetite; Results: insomnia, heartbeat irregularities, high blood pressure
Stimulant; Effects: decreased appetite for carbs, varies from alertness-calmness depending on setting. Results: Heart disease, erectile prob. in men, lung/mouth/throat cancer.
Stimulant; Effects: Alertness; Results: Insomnia, heartbeat irregularities, high blood pressure
Depressant: Effects: reduces inhibition & anxiety, slowed reaction time, depression, reduced ability to store new memories, poor coordination. Results: Blackouts, alcohol poisoning, liver/organ damage, death
Depressant: Drugs commonly but often inappropriately prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness, anxiety, or worry.
Drugs that speed up activity in the central nervous system.
Drugs that slow down activity in the central nervous system.
Narcotics/opiate/halucenagin; Effects:euphoria, relief of pain; Results: Loss of appetite, constipation, withdrawal symptoms, death
Psychedelic; Causes hallucinations, insightful experiences;Results; Psychosis, paranoia, panic reactions
Mild Psychedelic; Effects; euphoria, increased appetite; Results: throat/lung damage, impaired immunity, long term effects not well established
Individual continues to use the drug despite significant negative consequences in order to avoid unpleasant physical or psychological withdrawal symptoms
Increasing need for larger doses of the drug to get the same effect.
Process of slowly pulling yourself away from the drug
The excessive use of a substance, especially alcohol or a drug
A procedure in which the practitioner suggests changes in the sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings, or behavior of the subject.
rich fantasy life, follow directions, intensely focus, positive attitude toward hypnosis
post hypnotic amnesia
no recollection of hypnosis after returning to normal consciousness
drugs which mimic the activity of neurotransmitters
dreamlike thought process that occurs when a person is awake, provides a means of escape when a person is not satisfied with reality