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7 yoga systems are:

Bhakti, Mantra, Karma, jnana, Raja, Tantra, Hatha.

Bhakti Yoga is:

Devotion, longing for the divine. oldest along with Mantra.

Mantra Yoga is:

sacred sound/ syllable. "OM". also oldest along with Bhakti.

Karma Yoga is:

Selfless service, yoga of selfless love/ action.

Jnana Yoga is:

intellect. means "wisdom"; we are one with the universe/world.

Raja Yoga is:

"royal path". Control over your mind.

Tantra Yoga

Energy control. "tantra" means to extend/ stretch out. Sexuality ok in this yoga.

Hatha Yoga

Will/ Force. balanced body energy.

How long has yoga existed?

at least 5,000 to about 25,000 years.

8 Limbs of Yoga are translated as:

Ashtanga

8 Limbs are expounded on in the what?

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

what are the 8 limbs? (listed)

Yamas, Niyamas, Asanas, Pranayama, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi.

Yamas:

Social restraints: non-violence (AHIMSA), truthfulness/honesty (SATYA), non-stealing (ASTEYA), sexual purity (BRAHMACHARYA), non covetousness/greediness (envy, jealousy) (APARIGRAHA).

Niyamas:

Personal Observences: (saucha = cleanliness, santosha = contentment, tapas = spiritual discipline, svadhyaya = self-study, ishvara pranidhana = surrender to God/letting go)

Asanas:

Poses/ postures

Pranayama:

Breath Control

Pratyahara:

Withdrawal of the sense organs.

Dharana:

Single object of focus/ concentration.

Dhyana:

sustained awareness/ meditation.

Samadhi:

(bliss/ ecstasy / elimination of dualities/ polarities)

Patanjali Yoga Sutras: what are they and when were they written?

written 200 BCE, The ancient text of classical science of Yoga comprised of 4 chapters with 196 aphorisms (short verses)

Yoga Citta Vrtti Nirodha

Yoga Mind/Consciousness Fluctuations Cessation. "Yoga is the individual discipline that leads to the cessation of the fluctuations of the mind."

what does the word "yoga" mean?

Sanskrit word "yuj" meaning union/yoke/integration

How can balancing in poses be enhanced?

DRISHTI (focus/ gazing point for the eyes), use of wall, steady and calm breathing.

What is the restful pose to be used in asana?

Balasana (child's pose)

Tendons connect:

muscle to bone.

Ligaments connect:

bone to bone.

________ muscles initiate movement

Skeletal

All muscles can ______ and _______

Contract and Relax

Lordosis

Concave, inward curvature of the spine

Kyphosis

Convex, outward curvature of the spine

Scoliosis

Lateral and rotational deviation of the spine

4 spinal ranges of motion:

flexion, extension, twisting, side (lateral) bending.

Agonist

The main mover- quadricep

Antagonist

muscle doing opposite/ opposing thing as agonist: example for quadricep would be hamstring.

Isometric Muscle Contraction:

No joint movement; muscle neither shortening/ lengthening. This is what we do in class.

Concentric Muscle Contraction:

Muscle Shortening/ IE: bicep curl

Eccentric Muscle Contraction

Muscle Lenthening/ extend

Foundation and Alignment of Yoga Pose:

Contact with the Floor.

2 qualities practioners should maintain

Sthiram: Steadiness, and Sukham (pleasure, ease)

Three anatomical floors:

feet, pelvic girdle, and shoulder girdle.

Iyengar Yoga

Emphasis on precision and Alignment: props such as blocks, straps, blankets, and bolsters.

shivasina:

Greatest amount of restoration with least amount of expended energy.

benefits of practicing yoga:

freedom from pain and suffering, posture flexibility, stress management, physical and mental alignment,

four points of your feet:

ball of big and ball of little toe and inner heel and outer heel.

Downward Facing Dog Pose: External or Neutral Hip Pose?

Neutral

Reclining Big Toe Pose: External or Neutral Hip Pose?

Neutral

Warrior I Pose: External/ Neutral Hip Pose?

Neutral

Mountain Pose: External/ Neutral Hip Pose?

Neutral

Fierce/ Mighty/ Powerful Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

Neutral.

Child's Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

Neutral.

Wide Legged Standing Forward Bend Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

Neutral.

Intense Forward Stretch Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

Neutral.

Corpse Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

Neutral.

Tree Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

External.

Warrior II Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

External.

Extended Triangle Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

External.

Extended Side Angle Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

External.

Half Moon Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?

External.

Durata

Single Focus.

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