low area surrounded by higher land
thick (Brazillian) rain forests
steep cliff between higher and lower land
slum areas (in Brazil)
the destroying of large areas of forest
vast, treeless, grass-covered plains of South America
huge ranches that cover the pampas
cowhands who take care of the livestock on the ranches (national symbol of Argentina)
electricity generated by flowing water
height above sea level
harsh military rulers (in Venezuela)
Who was the first and largest group of Europeans to colonize Brazil?
What resources attract comapnies to the Amazon Basin?
mining companies and logging companies
What are some of the natural resources found in the Amazon Basin?
rubber harvested from trees, bauxite, tin, and iron ore
What is the major religion of Brazil?
In what way is deforestation threatening the Native Americans who live in the rain forest?
it makes it difficult for them to follow their traditional cultures
What economic challenges face Brazilians?
as many as one-fifth live in extreme poverty in crude shacks with no running water or sewage systems
How are the pampas similiar to the Great Plains of the United States?
it is a treeless plain like the Great Plains and farmers grow grains there and ranchers raise livestock
What is the significance of Itaipu Dam?
the world's largest hydroelectric power generator is located here allowing Paraguay to export electricity (it sells nearly 90 % of the electricity it produces to neighboring countries)
Who was Simon Bolivar?
leader of a revolt in Venezuela in the 1800s when rebellion swept across the Spanish colonial empire. He and his soldiers freed Venezuela and neighboring regions from Spanish rule leading to Venezuela becoming independent in 1830
Which of Juan Peron's policies led to his removal from office?
his crackdown on freedom of speech and the press made the people unhappy and led to a revolt that removed him from power
Why is Hinduism one of the major religions in Guyana?
people from India make up most of the population