An organization that seeks political power by electing people to office so that its positions and philosophy become public policy.
A local or judicial election in which candidates are not selected or endorsed by political parties and party affiliation is not listed on ballots.
The dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to the winning political party.
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party-building purposes. Now largely illegal except for limited contributions to state or local parties for voter registration and get-out-the-vote efforts.
Period at the beginning of the new president's term during which the president enjoys generally positive relations with the press and Congress, usually lasting about six months.
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform.
A meeting of party delegates to vote on matters of policy and in some cases to select party candidates for public office.
Election in which voters choose party nominees.
Primary election in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote.
Voting by member of one party for a candidate of another party.
Primary election in which only persons registered in the party holding the primary may vote.
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.
Election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins.
A small political party that rises and falls with a charismatic candidate or, if composed of ideologies on the right or left, usually persists over time; also called a third party.
An election during periods of expanded suffrage and change in the economy and society that proves to be a turning point, redefining the agenda of politics and the alignment of voters within parties.
Theory that opposes governmental interference in economic affairs beyond what is necessary to protect life and property.
Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and the curve during booms.
Governance divided between the parties, as when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress.
National party convention
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules
The act of declaring party affiliation; required by some states when one registers to vote.
An informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire in childhood.
Weakening of partisan preferences that points to a rejection of both major parties and a rise in the number of independents.
Party Column Ballot
Type of ballot that encourages party-line voting by listing all of a party's candidates in a column under the party name
Office Block Ballot
Ballot on which all candidates are listed under the office for which they are running, making split-ticket voting easier.