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SC History Lesson 3 and 4

Anaconda Plan

Union strategy for defeating the confederacey during the civil war

Battle of Antietam

Civil War battle fought in 1862 near Sharpsburg maryland that was an important victory for the Union.

Battle of Bull Run, First

First major battle of the civil war, fought near Manassas Junction, Virginia on July 21, 1861

Blockade

Shutting off an area by troops or ships to keep people and supplies from moving in or out

Draft

law that requires men of a certain age to serve in the militaryy if called

Emancipation Proclamation

statement issued by president Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 freeing all slaves in confederate states still at was with the union.

South Confederacy

They felt that their rural lifestyle was an advantate to the Civil war

General Winfield Scott

Union General devised the Anaconda Plan

Anaconda Plan

Blockade the Atlantic & Gulf Coasts

Anaconda Plan

Attack from east to west

Anaconda Plan

Conquer land on the Mississippi

Confederate Plan

The Northerners wont last long, they will get tired and give up

Battle of Bull Run

very confusing for lots of soldiers because many soldiers were new to the war.

Soldiers Life

Their food was terrible

Souther Soldiers

they were often barefoot

Emancipation Proclamation

Freed all slaves in states that were in teh Confederacy

Emancipation Proclamationj

This statement caused many freed African Americans to join the war effort

African Americans

they joined the war as soldiers

Massachusettes 54th Regiment

They fought at Fort Wagner in SC - They lost the battle but were considered heroes because of their bravery

Women in the War

served as Spyes, Nurses and served on farms

Battle of Gettysburg

Union victory over confederate forces in 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania that was a turning point in the Civil War

Gettysburg Address

Civil War speech given by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg

Battle of Vicksburg

Union victory over confederate forces in 1863 at Vicksburg, Mississippi, that gave the Union control of the Mississippi River

TotalWar

Method of warfare that involves civilians as atragets and is designed to destroy the opposing army and the peoples will to fight.

Freedmans Bureau

Federal agency set up in 1865 to provide food, schools and medical care to free slaves in the South

15th Amendment

Amendment to the United States Consititution ratified in 1870, that gave male citizenship of all races the right to vote

14th Amendment

Amendment to the US Constitution ratified in 1868 tgat gave African Americans Citizenship and equal protection under the law.

Impeachment

Bringing of charges of wrong doing against an elected official by the floor (Congress)

Jim Crow laws

Laws passed in the South after reconstruction enforcing the segregation of blacks and whites

Segregation

Separtation of people of different races

Sharecropping

System of farming in which farmers rent land and pay the land owner with a share of the crops they raise

Battles of Gettysburg - who won

The Union won

What happened on July 4, 1863

The Union won the Battle of Vicksburg when the South surrendered. This cut the Confederacy in two.

What happened on April 9, 1865

Approximate court house, Lee surrenders to General Grant and the war ends

13th Amedment

passed in December 1865 which abolished slavery

black codes

laws that denied rights to African Americans

Johnsons reconstruction plan

congress felt this plan was to easy on the south

Reconstruction act of 1867

Allowed African American men to vote

Reconstruction act of 1867

Prevent farmer confederate leaders from voting or holding office

14th Amendment

Declars slaves citizens and gives rights

15th Amendment

Gives all male citizens the right to vote

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