Election 2012: 25 WORDS TO KNOW

25 terms by missbaglivio 

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Voters and politicians across the United States are gearing up for Election Day on: Tuesday, November 6. Here are key words and phrases you can expect to hear often over the next few weeks.

BALLOT

something, such as a sheet of paper that is used to cast a secret vote during an election

BILL

written plan for a new law

CABINET

a group of advisors for the head of a government

CAMPAIGN

a series of actions organized to win an election

CANDIDATE

someone who is running in an election

CONCEDE

to admit to having lost an election before the results are official

CONGRESS

the part of the United States and state governments that makes laws. It is made up of a Senate and House of Representatives.

CONSTITUTION

a document containing the key rules by which any government body in the United States is governed

DEMOCRACY

a way of governing a country in which the people choose their leaders in elections

ECONOMY

the way a country manages its money and resources- such as workers and land- to produce, buy, and sell goods and services

ENDORSEMENT

public support or approval of something or someone, such as a candidate for President

FEDERAL

having to do with the central U.S. government as opposed to the state governments

INAUGURATION

the ceremony in which the President is sworn into office

INCUMBENT

the person who currently holds a position or office. In the 2012 presidential race, President Barack Obama is the incumbent.

NOMINEE

a person chosen to run in an election. Democrats and Republicans each nominate one person for president.

OATH OF OFFICE

a promise that a person makes before taking on the duties of a job (usually a position in government)

PARTY

a group of citizens with similar ideas on how the country should be run. The two main parties in the U.S. are the Democrats and Republicans. (There are many more parties.. Can you name one?)

PLATFORM

a political party's list of plans and positions on key issues

POLL

a place where people go to vote; or a survey of people's opinions

REGISTER

to sign up to vote

REPEAL

to do away with something officially, such as a law

RUNNING MATE

a person running for public office with another candidate on the same ticket (same political party). The person running for Vice President is the Presidential candidate's running mate.

TERM

the length of time a public official may serve in office. (A U.S. President's term is four years).

TICKET

candidates supported by a political party to run together for important positions

VETO

to reject a bill

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