Root Words

Created by s-khumlic2 

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COMMON ROOT WORDS/ADJECTIVES

abdomin-

abdomen

acro-

extremities; height

aden-

gland

adip/o

fat

andr/o

male

angi/o

vessel

append/o

appendage

arteri-

artery

arthr-

joint

blephar-

eyelid

carcin/o

cancerous

cardi/o

heart

carp-

wrist

caud-

tail

cephal/o

head

cerebr-, encephal-

brain

cheil/o-

lip

chemo-

pertaining to a chemical

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

chondr/o-

cartilage

col/o

large intestine

costo-

rib

cutane/o

skin

crani/o-

skull, cranium

cyst-

cyst containing fluid; urinary bladder

cry/o

cold

dactyl-

finger

dent/o

tooth

derm-

skin

dextro-

right

digit-

finger

dors-

back

enter-

intestines

estr/o

female

gastr/o

stomach

gen/o

to produce

gingiv/o

gum

gloss

tongue

glyco-

sugar, sweet

gnath-

jaw

gravid-

pregnant

gynec/o

women, female

hem-, hemat-

blood

hepat/o

liver

hist/o

tissue

hydro-

wet, water

hyster

uterus

ileo

ileum

irid-

iris

iso-

equal

kerat/o-

cornea/eye; rough/scaly

lamin/o-

thin flat part (vertebra)

lapar/o-

abdominal wall

later/o

- side of

lith/o-

stone/calculus

lumb-

lower back

malacia

softening

mamm-, mast-

breast

medi-

middle

meninges

membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord

metacarp-

hand bones

metatars-

foot bones

myelin

white, liquid, fatty substance surrounding some nerve fibers

myo-

muscle

myel/o

spinal cord or bone marrow

myring/o-, tympan/o-

eardrum

necr/o

death

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerve

noct

night

ocul/o

eye

onc-

tumor

oophor/o

ovary

ophthalm-

eye

orth/o

straight

oste/o

bone

orexia

appetite

para

to bear offspring

paresis

partial parálisis

partum

birth; labor

path/o

disease

ped-, pod-

foot

pelv-

pelvic

phagia

eat: swallow

phasia

speech

phalang/o

fingers, toes

pharyng/o

throat; pharynx

phleb

vein

phonia

voice

pneum/o, pulmon/o-

lungs

poiesis

formation/production

posterio-

behind

prandial

meal

procto

rectum

rhino

nose

sarc-

related to the flesh or connective tissue

scirrh/o

hard

sclera/o

hardening

scoli/o

crooked/bent

sinistro-

left

spasm

twitching, cramp

spleen/o-

spleen

spondyl/o

vertebra

stenosis

narrowing, stricture

stetho

chest

stomato

mouth

tetra-

four

thermo-

heat

thorac/o

chest

thromb-

clot

trache-

trachea

trachy-

rough

uter-

uterus

vas-

vessel

ventr/o

belly side of body

viscer/o

internal organs

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