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this is from the renaissance live chat if you missed it :) also from the podcast vocab, short answer, discussion questions 15 vocab, mixture of terms, names of people, and works that were completed by people

Humanities

ancient subjects that during the renaissance people had an interest in studying again; includes rhetoric, history, literature and poetry

Annul

cancels a marriage like it never existed

Vernacular

the common, everyday language that is used instead of latin

Heliocentric

the sun-centered model of our solar system

City-State

a city with its surrounding territory that acts independently like its own country or state

Heresy

claims or criticisms that go against the church

Heretic

someone who is guilty of heresy

Excommunicate

to be banished from the church; to be no longer welcomed

Perspective

a technique that brings distance into paintings or drawings

Theology

study of religion and God

Theocracy

a type of government where the church leaders run the government

Patron

a financial supporter of the arts

Engravings

carvings or designs placed in metal

Utopia

the perfect, ideal place that was written by Thomas Moore

Utopian

a person or quality about a person, searching for perfection

Indulgences

being forgiven from sin

Predestination

when God choses whether a person goes to heaven or hell before they are born

Humanism

an intellectual movement that focuses on the secular world

Who preached the idea of Predestination?

John Calvin

Justification by Faith

means that faith and faith alone will get you into heaven; Luther believed this

Papal Supremacy

believing that the Pope was the most powerful and important person that there was under God

Act of Supremacy

Henry VIII breaks from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England which he was the head of

"The end justifies the means"

it doesn't matter how you reach your goal as long as you reach it

Scientific Method

a step by step process based on observations and experimentation; repetition is the most important step

Isaac Newton

he proves everyone correct, Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, Kepler, Copernicus, and Brahe; proved the 'Laws of gravity'

The Prince

a guide to gaining and maintaining power; written by Niccolo Machiavelli

Albrecht Durer

famous for his engravings; known as the "German Leonardo" b/c he studied Leonardo; famous for his self portraits - made himself look like Jesus

The Institutes of the Christian Religion

the book that Calvin writes and is about how to set up a good protestant church

Francis Bacon

The scientist who contributes the observation and experimentation steps

Don Quixote

a character that mocks chivalry and was written by Miquel de Cervantes

Rene Descartes

Added the idea of human reasoning or analyze; wrote "I think therefore I am"

Recant

to take back your beliefs

Renaissance

Era of time during the 1300s to the 1500s where culture and arts flourished

renaissance

a french word meaning rebirth or revival of culture and learning

Secular

the world outside of religion

The Book of the Courtier

written by Castiglione; a code of conduct for the courtier; writes about the ideal man and woman

Scapegoat

a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of

Ghettos

a part of a city, esp. a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups

Ignatius of Loyola

first leader under Pope Paul III

Copernicus

came up with the heliocentric model or theory

Galileo

uses the telescope to further support Copernicus's theory; got in most trouble with the church; had to recant his beliefs

Three Geniuses

Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael Sanzio

Leonardo da Vinci

famous for his notebooks; remembered as an artist although that was the least of what he did; an inventor, artist, and medical examiner; studied the human anatomy by doing human autopsies

Michelangelo

sculptor and artist; painted the Sistine Chapel's ceiling; sculpted the statue of David and Cieta; designed the dome for St Peter's Cathedral in Vatican City

Miquel de Cervantes

wrote Don Quixote and it mocks chivalry

Niccolo Machiavelli

mostly remembered for writing about government; wrote the book "The Prince" which is a guide on how to gain and maintain power

Castiglione

wrote "The Book of the Courtier" which was a code of conduct for the courtier; writes about the idea man and woman

Raphael Sanzio

mostly remembered for his painting of the Madonna or mother of Jesus

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