the first Stuart to be king of England and Ireland from 1603 to 1625 and king of Scotland from 1567 to 1625; he was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and he succeeded Elizabeth I; he dissolved the British Parliament by claiming the DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS (1566-1625)
son of James I who was King of England and Scotland and Ireland; was deposed and executed by Oliver Cromwell
an impost levied in England to provide money for ships for national defense
Petition of Right (1629)
Petition from Parliament that listed rights that the king could not infringe on. Passed during Charles I's reign, one of the events that led up to the English civil War.
he was the archbishop of Canterbury and he supported King Charles I but opposed radical forms of Puritanism, and this resulted in his beheading.
John Pym (the Covenant)
-leader of Long Parliament
-critic of James I and Charles I
-organized loans and taxes so Parliament's army could have enough to bring down the king in the English Civil War
English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator.
A group consisting of puritans, country land owners, and town based manufacturers, led by Oliver Cromwell; fought against the Cavaliers during the English civil war
In the English Civil War (1642-1647), these were the troops loyal to Charles II. Their opponents were the Roundheads, loyal to Parliament and Oliver Cromwell.
Cromwell felt king should be executed to prevent counterrevolution. Par. hesitated so Cromwaell used army to break up Par. which had started at 500 in 1640 and already sunk to 150. Used Colonel Pride to remove dissenters(100 of them) and left only about 50,
The Cromwell-controlled Parliament that proclaimed England a republic and abolished the House of Lords and the monarchy.
Cromwell's new government that he runs where there is no king-a republic with no monarch
This was the re-establishment of the monarchy in England under Charles II. Both houses of Parliament were restored but the religious tensions still were present in England
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-1685) who reigned during the Restoration, a period of expanding trade and colonization as well as strong opposition to Catholicism
Declaration of Indulgence
document that suspended English laws against Roman Catholics and Protestant non-conformists
Series of codes passed in England to assert and increase the power of the Anglican Church by suppressing and/or discriminating against non-members of the Anglican Church. Included the Corporation Act (1661), Act of Uniformity (1662), Conventicle Act (1664), and the Five Mile Act (1665).
Parliament passed this in response to Charles II's declaration of indulgences; required all military members to swear an oath against transubstantiation.
This was the Catholic king of England after Charles II that granted everyone religious freedom and even appointed Roman Catholics to positions in the army and government
Glorious Revolution (1688)
The English revolt against the unpopular Catholic King James II and the subsequent introduction of certain civil rights restricting monarchic powers
William and Mary
King and Queen of England in 1688. With them, King James' Catholic reign ended. As they were Protestant, the Puritans were pleased because only protestants could be office-holders.
Bill of Rights England
The document signed by William and Mary that limited their power as monarchs in England; it stated that the monarch must gain parliamentary approval to pass laws.
Toleration Act (1689)
The ___________ of 1689 extended a degree of freedom of worship to all Christians except Catholics and Unitarians, although dissenters from the established church still had few political rights.