Energy and Matter

12 terms by scarvel

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forms of energy related to changes in matter

kinetic, potential, chemical, electromagnetic, electrical, thermal

kinetic energy

the energy of matter in motion

potential energy

the energy an object has because of its position

chemical energy

the internal energy (a form of potential energy) stored in the chemical bonds between atoms

electromagnetic energy

a form of energy that travels through space as waves or rays

types of electromagnetic energy

radio waves, infrared "rays" from heat lamps, microwave oven waves, ultraviolet waves, X-rays

electrical energy

the energy of electrically charged particles moving from one place to another

electrolysis

a chemical change which involves electrical energy

electrodes

metal strips used in electrolysis

photosynthesis

a series of chemical changes in which plants convert electromagnetic energy (from the sun) into chemical energy

energy

the ability to do work or cause change

transformed

changed

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