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microclimate

conditions of temperature and precipitation in a localized area

climate

conditions of temperature and precipitation in a large area

temperature and precipitation

two factors that determine the climate of your region

elevation

the distance above sea level

decreases

as elevation increases, the temperature of air __?__

latitude

the distance north and south of the equator

slow drift of continents

could cause a major climate change on earth

cools & holds less water

what warm air does as it rises

northward or southward

directions a plane would fly if wanting to change latitude

interglacial periods

times when the earth warms up

leeward

the dry side of a mountain

windward

the side of a mountain with a wet climate

California Current

a cold ocean current

polar

the zone with the coldest temperatures

tropical

the zone with the highest amount of precipitaion

66.5 - 90 degrees

the latitude range of the polar zone

23.5 - 66.5 degrees

the latitude range of the temperate zone

0 - 23.5 degrees

the latitude range of the tropical zone

90 degrees

the latitude at which ice caps remain frozen

80 - 90 degrees

the latitude range that receives less direct radiation from the sun

0 degrees (equator)

the latitude that will have the hottest climate

high humidity

the tropical climate zone is known for this

climate change

this remains relatively unchanged

cool down & moisture will condense

results of warm, moist air rising up the western side of a mountain

two

number of polar zones

two

number of temperate zones

one

number of tropical zones

toward the west

the direction that winds are traveling if blowing from the east

six

number of major climates found in the U.S. (include highland)

temperate

the major climate zone of the U.S.

determines climate regions

temperature, precipitaion, and elevation/altitude

Hawaii, Florida, Texas

the states that represent a tropical climate

subarctic climate

the climate found in Russia, Canada, and Alaska

desert

the U.S. climate region that receives the least precipitation

California

the state that represents the Mediterranean climate

steppe (prairie/grassland)

the climate region that is found in the western interior of the U.S.

continental climate

the climate found in an area located within a large landmass

Seattle

the area in the Marine West Coast climate

Alaska

the U.S. state that represents a polar climate

Marine West Coast

the climate that has mild winters and cool summers

wet winters and dry summers

two characteristics of a Mediterranean climate

steppe (prairie / grassland)

the region that has a year-round dry climate

tropical rain forest

the land biome that has the most varied plant life

ozone depletion

the condition caused by chlorofluorocarbons

prairie

another name for grassland

tundra animals

caribou, lemmings, artcic terns, ptarmigan

cacti

plants that do well in the desert climate

tropical rain forest

the land biome that receives at least 200cm of rain yearly

glacier

the result from cold periods in the earth's history

low rainfall

the reason few trees are found in the grasslands

tundra

the land biome that has a very cold and dry climate

coniferous trees

these produce seeds in cones

coniferous

the biome that has evergreen trees

canopy

the top layer of the tropical rain forest

climate

determines the kind of plants that grow in a particular area

climate, animal life, planet life

the characteristics that are used by scientists to classify biomes

reason for major climate change

position of earth relative to the sun

reason for major climate change

movement of continents

tree rings, pollen records, fossils

sources of information about ancient climates

factors affecting temperature

altitude, latitude, ocean currents, distance from large bodies of water

factors affecting precipitation

presence of mountains, prevailing winds

reason for major climate change

changes in the sun's energy output

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