This is PART 2 of the 2009 study guide for the SEMESTER EXAM, you can continue to prepapre for the 2010 SEMESTER EXAM with this list!

Hydrologic Cycle

the movement of water in and around the Earth and atmosphere

Chemical Weathering

weathering that changes the mineral composition of rocks, ex: rust

Judicial Branch

The branch of government that interprets laws

Legislative Branch

the lawmaking branch of government

Executive Branch

the branch of government that enforces the laws.

Beringia

an ancient land bridge over which the earliest Americans are believed to have migrated from Asia into the Americas

Midwest

the north central region of the United States (sometimes called the heartland or the breadbasket of America)

The South

region that continues to grow in population due to the high use of air conditioners

State

an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs

Nation

tightly knit group of people sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural attributes.

Democracy

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

Communism

a political system characterized by a centrally planned economy with all economic and political power resting in the hands of the central government

Monarchy

state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen

Rocky Mountains

a major mountain system of the United states and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico

Appaliachian Mountains

a major mountain range in the Eastern US, older than the Rockies

Service Industry

an industry that provides services rather than tangible objects

Columbian Exchange

A global exchange of people, plants, animals, technology, and disease form Americas to Europe. Began by Christopher Columbus. brought a commercial revolution and mercantilism.

Louisiana Purchase

1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.

Free Enterprise

the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation, ex: USA

1776

year of American independence from Great Britain

Parana/Amazon

major rivers in South America

Isthmus

a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land, ex: Panama

Prairie Provinces

Breadbasket of Canada

Biodiversity

the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)

Andes Mountains

mountain range that runs along the Pacific coast of South America

Iberian Peninsula

contains Spain and Portugal

Scandinavian Peninsula

contains Norway and Sweden

Jutland Peninsula

contains Denmark

Italian Peninsula

contains the Po River and Rome

Balkan Peninsula

peninsula of SE Europe, bounded by the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Adriatic Seas

Aqueducts

A structure designed to bring fresh water into a city or town

Reformation

The effort to change or reform the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of Protestant churches

Crusades

a series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control

Renaissance

from the 14th to the 16th century- a new era of creativity and learning in Western Europe, Italy to be exact

Holocaust

the organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII

North Sea

Europe's major oil and natural gas deposits are located in the

Infrastucture

consists of basic support systems needed to keep an economy going (power, communication, transportation, water, sanitation, and education)

Bubonic Plague/Black Death

spread by fleas and rats from port cities in Europe, killed 25 million people

United Kingdom

country in Northern Europe occupying most of the British Isles: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland

Romance Language

the group of languages derived from Latin

Germanic Language

a branch of the Indo-European family of languages

Slavic Language

major language in eastern Europe

Berlin Wall

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West

Satellite Nations

The Eastern European nations that remained under the control of the Soviet Union after the Second World War.

Exports

goods produced domestically and sold abroad

Imports

goods produced abroad and sold domestically

Euro

official money of the European Union, first introduced in 2002

Megalopolis

an almost continuous urban area made up of several cities and its suburbs

Command Economy

a system in which the central government makes all economic decisions

30 degrees S, 60 degrees W

the continent of South America

45 degrees N, 90 degrees W

the continent of North America

0 degrees, 30 degrees E

the continent of Africa

45 degrees N, 0 degrees

the continent of Europe

30 degrees S, 120 degrees E

the continent of Australia

60 degrees N, 90 degrees E

the continent of Asia

30 degrees N, 30 degrees W

the Atlantic Ocean

5 degrees S, 75 degrees E

the Indian Ocean

15 degrees N, 150 degrees E

the Pacific Ocean

75 degrees S, 120 degrees E

the continent of Antarctica

Australia

continent, country, island

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set