the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac. Seen as the father of Judaism, Islam and Christianity
(Old Testament) the son of Abraham and Hagar, who was cast out after the birth of Isaac.
Sarah's egyptian maidservant; givent to Abraham as concubine; recieved an angelic annunciation regarding destiny of son Ishmael and proclaimed she had seen God; matriarch of Arab people
The stone cubical structure in the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Mecca, believed to have been built by Abraham and regarded by Muslims as the sacred center of the earth
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
Root word of Islam, means the peace that comes from surrender ones will to God.
-belief before Islam in Arabia
-believed in several Gods and mystical spirits
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca. (p. 231)
Night of power
Angel Gabriel meets Muhammad on Mount Hira, gives him the words of God and orders to recite. First revelation and instruction.
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
impulsive and unpredictable
In Islam, the term for forgetting one's divine origin
witnessing or testifying to the muslim creed. THe first pillar
the second pillar of Islam is daily prayer
the Third pillar of Islam is almsgiving as an act of worship
the Fourth pillar of Islam is fasting (primarily during the month of Ramadan)
Pilgrimage to Mecca that all Muslims should attempt to undertake once in their lives.The fifth pillar.
Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries.
They believe that leadership should come from the same family as muhammed. they believe allah will send a special individual that will bring them to the truth. They are separate from the Sunnis, who are another part of Islam
Muslim name for the one and only God