Parts of Speech
Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection
4 Levels of Grammar
Parts of speech, Parts of sentence, Phrases, Clauses
The name of a person, place, thing, or idea
Name a specific person, place, thing, or idea
Ex: Mozart, Israel, Islam
Name generic persons, places, things, or ideas.
composer, country, religion
Name tangible objects
Ex: book, car, student
Name ideas, qualities, or emotions
Ex: freedom, love, happiness
Name a group
Ex: flock, band, class
Nouns of Direct Address
Address someone directly
Ex: "SAM, what's your question?"
Describe one object
Ex: boat, flock, kindness
Describe multiple objects
Ex: Boats, flocks, kindnesses
A word that takes the place of a noun
-Refer to nouns
First Person Pronoun
Second Person Pronoun
Third Person Pronoun
The noun the pronoun replaces
Ex: HAMLET was he.
Used to make subjects
Ex: "SHE and II went to the cathedral."
First Person Subject Pronoun
Second Person Subject Pronoun
Third Person Subject Pronoun
Receives the action of the sentence
Ex: "It hit ME."
"The present was for HIM and ME."
First Person Object Pronoun
Second Person Object Pronoun
Third Person Object Pronoun
Ex: My, Your, Her/His/Its, Our, Your, Their
Used to ask questions
Ex: Who, Whose, Whom, Which, What
Used to demonstrate
Ex: This, That, These, Those
Pronouns that relate an adjective clause to a main clause
Ex: Who, Whose, Whom, Which, That
-self or -selves that reflect to a word used previously in the sentence
Ex: "I am almost mad MYSELF."
General pronouns that do not have definite antecedents
Ex: Anyone, Anybody, Someone, Somebody, All, Each
-self or -selves pronouns that are used to intensify the emphasis on a noun or another pronoun
Ex: "I MYSELF agree with that idea."
A word that modifies a noun or pronoun
Three Degrees of Adjectives
1. Positive 2. Comparative 3. Superlative
Ex: 1.Hot 2.Hotter 3.Hottest
Made of proper nouns
Ex: Rome to ROMAN, Arabic, Hebrew
A, An The
"I eat the air, PROMISE-CRAMMED."
Show action, being, or they link a subject to a subject complement. The verb is about the noun.
Four Principle Parts of the Verb
1. Infinite: TO do, TO think
2. Present Participle: doing, thinking
3. Past: did, thought
4. Past Participle: done, thought
Show action on a direct object- sometimes
Links subject to a subject complement
Simple Tense: verb stands alone
Compound Tense: main verb supplemented by auxiliary main helping verb
Action verb that acts on a direct object
Ex: The bird hit the tree.