The American Colonization Society
1817, founded by Henry Clay in Kentucky, included James Monroe. Society wanted blacks out of the country. Resettled only 60000 blacks in Monrovia.
Convincing people that slavery is morally wrong.
William Lloyd Garrison
Moral Suasionist from Mass.
Abolitionist from Mass. Considered the Constitution morally corrupt and was angry at the U.S.
He was the editor of an abolitionist newspaper in Alton, Illinois and was victimized repeatedly and finally killed when he tried to defend his press from attack.
South Carolina slave who became a Quaker in Philadelphia
Slave and journalist from Maryland. He was initially partners w/ W. L. Garrison, but broke off b/c of interest in politics
Escaped slave from New York who was liberated. Illiterate religious preacher who was six feet tall. Best known for "Am I a Woman?" speech.
Escaped in 1849. Started the Underground Railroad from the South to Canada.
The American Anti-Slavery Society
Founded by William Lloyd Garrison, urged freedom of slaves
An anti-slavery newspaper founded by WM Lloyd Garrison. Said that the Constitution was hypocritical, and urged slaves to be free
The North Star
An anti-slavery newspaper by Frederick Douglass
The Liberty Party
1844. Opposed to slavery, led by Birney. Moved abolitionism into politics. Rejected Garrison's radicalism. Argued that slavery would end if it were confined geographically. Unsuccessful in 1840, so they took a compromise. 1. No more slaves admitted to Union. 2. No slavery at D. C. 3. Denied political office to slaveowners.
Opposed to slavery
Proposed banning slavery in any land captured from Mexican War. He didn't want black people near him, so naturally he was anti-slavery.
The Free Soil Party
Martin Beuren, Charles Adams. Opposed to blacks coming to the West. Party won ten percent of the vote in 1848, but not really successful.
Argued for Squaters' Sovereignty (popular sovereignty).
The Republican Party
1854- Horace Greeley. Opposed K/N Act. Wanted to resurrect Missouri Compromise. Competed w/ Know-Nothing Party. Organized in North States, but lacked Nat. Govt.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin" and increased abolition of slavery in 1852.
The Great Compromisor. Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and known as "The Great Compromiser." Outlined the Compromise of 1850 with five main points. Died before it was passed however.
Pro-Slavery. Believed agitation of slavery would lead to disunion
The Compromise of 1850
Presented by Henry Clay to Senate to settle all slavery controversy. Wanted co-pres. of N. and S. Calif. admitted as free states, slave trade banned in D.C, but not slavery, Fugitive Slave Act to return captured slaves, Tx/Mex dispute solved with $10 mill. fed govt. money. U.S. respons. for debt. Daniel Webster and John Calhoun opposed expansion of slavery. Compromise rejected
Last Whig President. General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated.
Stephen A. Douglas
Man behind K/N Act. Wanted to build a railroad from Chicago to S. Francisco, to make business and money easier. He wanted to build railroad across K/N territory, but couldn't b/c of N. Amer. already living there. So he divided up the land in order to get South support, and assumed that Nebraska would be a free state. He wanted to break the Missouri Compromise line. K/N act divided country in half.
Born in 1800. Killed fifty whites in a bloody slave rebellion of 1831, which causes whites to crack down on slaves.
Slave in Charleston, South Carolina. He bought his own freedom when he escaped to England thanks to a winning lottery ticket. He was a preacher and a carpenter. He organized the African Methodist Episcopal. He started the Gulla Rebellion in 1822, and wanted to escape to Haiti, but the insurrection was unsuccessful.
in 1800, he gathered 1000 rebellious slaves outside of Richmond; but 2 Africans gave the plot away, and the Virginia militia stymied the uprising before it could begin, along with 35 others he was executed.