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What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

What does the Constitution do?

Sets up the Government
Defines the government
Protects basic rights of Americans

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the People

What is an amendment?

A change to the Constitution
An addition to the Constitution

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

The Bill of Rights

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

Speech

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

Twenty-seven (27)

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

Announced our independence from Great Britain
Declared our independence from Great Britain

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

Life
Liberty

What is freedom of religion?

You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion

What is the economic system in the United States?*

Capitalist economy
Market economy

What is the "rule of law"?

Everyone must follow the law
Leaders must obey the law
Government must obey the law
No one is above the law

Name one branch or part of the government

Congress

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

Checks and balances
Separation of powers

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

The President

Who makes federal laws?

Congress

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

the Senate and House of Representatives

How many U.S. Senators are there?

One hundred (100)

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

Six (6)

Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?

Richard Joseph "dick" Durbin

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

Four hundred thirty-five (435)

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

Two (2)

Name your U.S. Representative.

Luis Gutierrez

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

All people of the state

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

because of the state's population
because they have more people

We elect a President for how many years?

Four (4)

In what month do we vote for President?*

November

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

Barack Obama

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Joe Biden

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

The Vice President

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

The Speaker of the House

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

The President

Who signs bills to become laws?

The President

Who vetoes bills?

The President

What does the President's Cabinet do?

Advices the President

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

Secretary of Education
Secretary of State

What does the judicial branch do?

Reviews laws
Explains laws
Resolves disputes (disagreements)
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution

What is the highest court in the United States?

The Supreme Court

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

Nine (9)

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?

To print money
To declare war

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

Provide schooling and education

Who is the Governor of your state now?

Pat Quinn

What is the capital of your state?*

Springfield

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

Democratic and Republican

What is the political party of the President now?

Democratic Party

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

John Boehner

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

Citizens eighteen (18) and older can vote
You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

Serve on a jury

Name one right only for United States citizens.

Vote in a federal election

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

Freedom of expression
Freedom of speech

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

The United States
The flag

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

Give up loyalty to other countries
Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?

Eighteen (18) and older

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

Vote
Join a political party
Help with a campaign

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

April 15

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

At age eighteen (18)
between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

What is one reason colonists came to America?

freedom

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

American Indians
Native Americans

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

Africans

Why did the colonists fight the British?

because of high taxes
because the British army stayed in their houses
because they didn't have self-government

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

July 4, 1776

There were 13 original states. Name three.

Massachusetts
New York
New Jersey
Delaware
North Carolina
South Carolina

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

The Constitution was written.
The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

When was the Constitution written?

1787

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

James Madison

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

U.S. Diplomat

Who is the "Father of Our Country"?

George Washington

Who was the first President?*

George Washington

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

The Louisiana Territory

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War
Spanish-American War

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

The Civil War

Name one problem that led to the Civil War

Slavery

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

Freed the slaves

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

Freed the slaves
Freed slaves in the Confederacy
Freed slaves in the Confederate states
Freed slaves in most Southern states

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

Fought for women's rights
Fought for civil rights

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

World War I
World War II

Who was President during World War I?

Woodrow Wilson

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

Franklin Roosevelt

Who did the United States fight in World War II?

Japan, Germany, and Italy

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

World War II

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

Communism

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

civil rights movement

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

Fought for civil rights
Worked for equality for all Americans

What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

Terrorists attacked the United States.

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

Cherokee
Navajo
Apache
Blackfeet

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

Missouri River
Mississippi River

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

Pacific Ocean

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

Atlantic Ocean

Name one U.S. territory.

Puerto Rico

Name one state that borders Canada.

Maine

Name one state that borders Mexico.

California
Texas

What is the capital of the United States?*

Washington, D.C.

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*

New York Harbor

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

because there were 13 original colonies
because the stripes represent the original colonies

Why does the flag have 50 stars?

because there is one star for each state
because each star represents a state
because there are 50 states

What is the name of the national anthem?

The Star-Spangled Banner

When do we celebrate Independence Day?

July 4

Name two national U.S. holidays.

Presidents' Day
Memorial Day
Independence Day
Labor Day

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