Medical Terminology (prefixes, roots, suffixes)

Created by bruce_bigelow4 

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1,473 terms · Medical Terminology for Health Professionals. I used this set to cram for the VIHA Medical Terminology Assessment. It's a long list but if you export it into Excel and just read it over quickly about 5 times or so and then do the flashcards once or twice you'll have a good understanding of most medical terms. I did that on Saturday and then studied the "Pronunciation of Terms" and their definitions from The Language of Medicine (I borrowed a book where someone had already wri…

a-

no, not, without, away from, negative

-a

noun ending

ab-

away from, negative, absent

abdomin/o

abdomen

-able

capable of, able to

abort/o

premature expulsion of a nonviable fetus

abrad/o, abras/o

rub or scrape off

abrupt/o

broken away from

abs-

away from

abscess/o

collection of pus, going away

absorpt/o

suck up, suck in

-ac

pertaining to

acanth/o

spiny, thorny

acetabul/o

acetabulum (hip socket)

-acious

characterized by

acne/o

point or peak

acous/o,acoust/o

hearing, sound

acquir/o

get, obtain

acr/o

extremities (hands and feet), top, extreme point

acromi/o

acromion, point of shoulder blade

actin/o

light

acu/o

sharp, severe, sudden

acuit/o, acut/o

sharp, sharpness

acust/o, -acusia, -acusis

hearing, sense of hearing

ad-

toward, to, in the direction of

aden/o

gland

adenoid/o

adenoids

adhes/o

stick to, cling to

adip/o

fat

adnex/o

bound to

adren/o, adrenal/o

adrenal glands

aer/o

air, gas

aesthet/o

sensation, sense of perception

af-

toward, to

affect/o

exert influence on

agglutin/o

clumping, stick together

aggress/o

attack, step forward

-ago

abnormal condition, disease

agor/a

marketplace

-agra

excessive pain, seizure, attack of severe pain

-aise

comfort, ease

-al

pertaining to

alb/i, alb/o,

white

albumin/o

albumin, protein

alg/e, algi/o, alg/o, algesi/o

relationship to pain

-algesia, -algesic

painful, pain sense

-algia

pain, painful condition

align/o

bring into line or correct position

aliment/o

to nourish

all/o, all-

other, different from normal, reversal

alopec/o

baldness, mangy

alveol/o

alveolus, air sac, small sac

ambi-

both sides, around or about, double

ambly/o

dull, dim

ambul/o, ambulat/o

walk

ametr/o

out of proportion

-amine

nitrogen compound

amni/o

amnion, fetal membrane

amph-

around, on both sides, doubly

amput/o, amputat/o

cut away, cut off a part of the body

amyl/o

starch

an-

no, not, without

an-, ana-

up, apart, backward, excessive

an/o

anus, ring

-an

characteristic of, pertaining to

-ancy

state of

andr/o

relationship to the male

aneurysm/o

aneurysm

angi/o

blood or lymph vessel

angin/o

angina, choking, strangling

anis/o

unequal

ankyl/o

crooked, bent, stiff

anomal/o

irregularity

ante-

before, in front of

anter/o

before, front

anthrac/o

coal, coal dust

anti-

against

anxi/o, anxiet/o

anxiety, anxious, uneasy

aort/o

aorta

ap-

toward, to

-apheresis

removal

aphth/o

ulcer

apic/o

apex

ap-, apo-

separation, away from, opposed, detached

aplast/o

defective development, lack of development

aponeur/o

aponeurosis (type of tendon)

apoplect/o

a stroke

append/o, appendic/o

appendix

aqu/i, aqu/o, aque/o

water

-ar

pertaining to

arachn/o

spider web, spider

arc/o

bow, arc or arch

-arche

beginning

areat/o

occurring in patches or circumscribed areas

areol/o

little open space

-aria

connected with

arrect/o

upright, lifted up, raised

arter/o, arteri/o

artery

arthr/o

joint

articul/o

joint

-ary

pertaining to

as-

toward, to

asbest/o

asbestos

-ase

enzyme

aspir/o, aspirat/o

to breathe in

asthen-, -asthenia

weakness, lack of strength

asthmat/o

gasping, choking

astr/o

star, star-shaped

at-

toward, to

atel/o

incomplete, imperfect

ather/o

plaque, fatty substance

athet/o

uncontrolled

atop/o

strange, out of place

atres/i

without an opening

atri/o

atrium

attenuat/o

diluted, weakened

aud-, audi/o, audit/o

ear, hearing, the sense of hearing

aur/i, aur/o

ear, hearing

auscult/a, auscult/o

listen

aut/o

self

-ax

noun ending

ax/o

axis, main stem

axill/o

armpit

azot/o

urea, nitrogen

bacill/o

rod-shaped bacterium

bacteri/o

bacteria

balan/o

glans penis

bar/o

pressure, weight

bartholin/o

Bartholin's gland

bas/o

base, opposite of acid

bi-

twice, double, two

bi/o

life

bifid/o

split, divided into two parts

bifurcat/o

divide or fork into two branches

bil/i

bile, gall

bilirubin/o

bilirubin

bin-

two by two

-blast

embryonic, immature, formative element

blephar/o

eyelid

borborygm/o

rumbling sound

brachi/o

arm

brachy-

short

brady-

slow

brev/i, brev/o

short

bronch/i, bronchi/o, bronch/o

bronchial tube, bronchus

bronchiol/o

bronchiole, bronchiolus

brux/o

grind

bucc/o

cheek

burs/o

bursa, sac of fluid near joint

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