Limitation of the abundance of a population by nutrient supply or by the availability of food
Delayed Density Dependence
Delays in the effect of population density on population size that can contribute to population fluctuation.
Chance events associated with whether individuals survive or reproduce
Erratic or unpredictable changes in the environment
Breaking up of once continuous habitat into complex patterns of isolated habitat patches amid a matrix of human-dominated landscape.
Isolation by Distances
A meta-population pattern in which habitat patches located far away from occupied patches are less likely to be colonized than are nearby patches.
A set of spatially isolated populations linked to one another by dispersal
An extremely rapid increase in the number of individuals in a population.