Chapter 12 Medical Overview (Exam)

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25 terms · Emergency Care of the Sick and Injured, 10th Addition

In contrast to the assessment of a trauma patient, assessment of a medical patient:

is focused on the nature of illness, the patient's chief complaint, and his or her symptoms.

Which condition is NOT categorized as a psychiatric condition?

substance abuse

The greatest danger in displaying a personal bias or "labeling" a patient who frequently calls EMS is:

overlooking a potentially serious medical condition.

An index of suspicion is MOST accurately defined as:

your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries or illness.

You and your EMT partner arrive at the residence of a 50-year-old man who complains of weakness. Your primary assessment reveals that he is critically ill and will require aggressive treatment. The closest hospital is 25 miles away. You should:

manage all threats to airway, breathing, and circulation and consider requesting an ALS unit.

When forming your general impression of a patient with a medical complaint, it is important to remember that:

the conditions of many medical patients may not appear serious at first.

Upon initial contact with a patient who appears to be unconscious, you should:

attempt to elicit a verbal response by talking to the patient.

Your primary assessment of an elderly woman reveals that she is conscious and alert, but is experiencing difficulty breathing. She has a history of emphysema, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. As you assess the patient's circulatory status, you should direct your partner to:

administer oxygen with the appropriate device

In addition to looking for severe bleeding, assessment of circulation in the conscious patient should involve:

checking the radial pulse and noting the color, temperature, and condition of his or her skin.

When assessing a patient with a medical complaint, which of the following would MOST likely reveal the cause of his or her problem?

history taking

Reassessment of a patient with a medical complaint should begin by:

repeating the primary assessment.

The primary prehospital treatment for most medical emergencies:

addresses the patient's symptoms more than the actual disease process.

Which of the following medications would the EMT LEAST likely administer to a patient with a medical complaint?

naloxone (Narcan)

When caring for a patient with an altered mental status and signs of circulatory compromise, you should:

limit your time at the scene to 10 minutes or less, if possible.

The determination of whether a medical patient is a high-priority or low-priority transport is typically made:

after the primary assessment has been completed.

Hepatitis B is more virulent than hepatitis C, which means that it:

has a greater ability to produce disease.

A patient who presents with a headache, fever, confusion, and red blotches on his or her skin should be suspected of having:

meningitis.

Patients with tuberculosis pose the greatest risk for transmitting the disease when they:

cough.

In contrast to viral hepatitis, toxin-induced hepatitis:

is not a communicable disease.

Ten days after treating a 34-year-old patient with tuberculosis, you are given a tuberculin skin test, which yields a positive result. This MOST likely indicates that:

you were exposed to another infected person prior to treating the 34-year-old patient.

Which of the following statements regarding methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is correct?

MRSA is a bacterium that causes infections and is resistant to most antibiotics.

Factors that increase the risk for developing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) include:

prolonged hospitalization, especially in an intensive care unit

A patient who was bitten by a mosquito and presents with signs and symptoms of illness should be suspected of having:

West Nile virus

Which of the following statements regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is correct?

SARS is caused by a virus and usually starts with flulike symptoms that deteriorate to pneumonia and respiratory failure.

Which of the following statements regarding the H1N1 virus is correct?

It is only one type of influenza among the many other strains of influenza that exist and infect humans.

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