works for an expert to learn a trade
a colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains.
land along a frontier
official document granting the rights to a group or individual
person who cannot pay money he or she owes
highest social class in the 13 english colonies
a person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime
A colonist who received free passage to North American in exchange for a certain amount of years of servitude.
a group of people chosen to make laws
written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
Large estate farmed by many workers
fort where soldiers lived in the Spanish colonies
a colony given by the king in return for yearly payment
town in Spanish colonies; Anasazi village
political system in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
colony under the direct control of the English Crown
Recognition that other people have the right to different opinions, acceptance of religious differences
a trade route that exchanged goods between the American colonies, the islands of the Caribbean and West Africa
first European settlement in America - known as the lost colony - mysterious
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter. If you don't work, you don't eat!
First PERMANENT English settlement in America,
powerful chief in the area of Jamestown who agreed to supply the Jamestown colony with food
House of Burgesses
The first official form of representative government in the Colonies (Virginia)
Colony founded by the Separatists (Pilgrims)
it was the 1st document in which American colonists earned the right to govern themselves, "just and equal" laws drawn up at the conclusion of a long voyage
Helped with relation between the natives and the Pilgrims, taught the Pilgrims to fish, farm and hunt in the new land
a person who makes a journey for a religious reason, English Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church from the Chuch of England. Also known as Pilgrims.
Protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England
leader of the Puritans, first governor of Massachusetts colony
an elected assembly that was a part of Massachusetts Bay colony, voting was limited to Puritan adult males, made laws for Massachusetts
minister who founded Providence, believed in religious toleration
American colonist who was put on trial and expelled from Massachusetts for her religious views
Founded Connecticut with 100 followers; he thought that Massachusetts Bay was to strict- disagreed with Puritan leaders
Settled New Hampshire and agreed with Anne Hutchinson
form of government in Connecticut allowed colonists to elect a legislature and governor.
A colony founded by the Dutch in the New World. It became New York.
Protestant reformers who believe in the equality of all people, very tolerant and nonviolent
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
Border between the Middle/Southern colonies, later marked the boundaries of slave states & non-slave states
organized a group of frontier settlers and rebelled against local Native Americans and the governor
A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attemp to gain more land
Lord Baltimore (Cecil Calvert)
He was the founder of Maryland (after his father died), a colony which offered religious freedom
founded Georgia as a home for debtors
Act of Toleration
this provided religious freedom for all Christians in Maryland, gave adult males the right to vote and hold office; important step towards religious freedom in America
Why was slavery needed in Georgia/Southern colonies?
colonists insisted, needed to manage large plantations
Why did the Spanish colonize Florida?
to protect the area from French settlement
the first document to put restrictions on the King of England
English Legislative body, made up of House of Lords and House of Commons
English Bill of Rights
a written list of freedoms
Freedom of the Press
the right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty
laws to support mercantilism
Social class is based upon...???
Birth - country and class
House of Lords
the upper house of the British parliament, contained nobles and high clergy - inherited their titles
House of Commons
the lower house of the British parliament, body of parliament that is elected
Massachusett's Bay Colony: voting
adult males of the puritan church were allowed to vote
Why are borderlands important?
they protected Mexico from foreign countries
New England Colonies
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
Why did English colonists come to America in such large numbers?
raw materials, new trade markets
New Jersey was a part of _________, but split off to become its own colony.