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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. One-word stage
  2. Algorithm
  3. Framing
  4. Heuristic
  5. Overconfidence
  1. a the tendency to be more confident than correct--to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments
  2. b a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)
  3. c a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem
  4. d the stage in speech development, from about 1 to 2, during which a childspeaks mostly in single words.
  5. e the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving
  2. impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
  3. A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem
  4. in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)
  5. the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid

5 True/False questions

  1. Confirmation biasthe inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving


  2. Semanticsstudies of the rules for forming admissible sentences


  3. Insighta sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem


  4. Telegraphic speechearly speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words


  5. Grammarin a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others


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