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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Mental set
  2. Belief bias
  3. Representativeness heuristic
  4. Morpheme
  5. Prototype
  1. a judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information
  2. b a mental image or best example of a category
  3. c in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)
  4. d the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid
  5. e A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
  2. controls language reception-a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression;usually in the left temporal lobe
  3. Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements.
  4. a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)
  5. impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to wernicke's area (impairing understanding)

5 True/False questions

  1. One-word stagethe stage in speech development, from about 1 to 2, during which a childspeaks mostly in single words.


  2. Fixationthe inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving


  3. Computer Neural NetworksComputer circuits that mimic the brain's interconnected neural cells, performing tasks such as learning to recognize visual patterns and smells


  4. SemanticsThe study of meaning in language.


  5. Concepta mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people


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