5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Mental set
- Belief bias
- Representativeness heuristic
- a judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information
- b a mental image or best example of a category
- c in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)
- d the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid
- e A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem
5 Multiple choice questions
- studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
- controls language reception-a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression;usually in the left temporal lobe
- Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements.
- a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)
- impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
5 True/False questions
One-word stage → the stage in speech development, from about 1 to 2, during which a childspeaks mostly in single words.
Fixation → the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving
Computer Neural Networks → Computer circuits that mimic the brain's interconnected neural cells, performing tasks such as learning to recognize visual patterns and smells
Semantics → The study of meaning in language.
Concept → a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people