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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Babbling stage
  2. Phoneme
  3. Grammar
  4. Framing
  5. Overconfidence
  1. a the tendency to be more confident than correct--to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments
  2. b in a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
  3. c the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments
  4. d in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others
  5. e beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem
  2. the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid
  3. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information
  4. Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
  5. The study of meaning in language.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Cognitionknowing or sensing something without the use of reason; an insight

          

  2. Availability heuristica simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)

          

  3. Artificial Intelligencethe tendency to be more confident than correct--to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments

          

  4. Broca's areacontrols language reception-a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression;usually in the left temporal lobe

          

  5. Prototypein a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit

          

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