ch. 7 (mastering a&p)

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Which bone of the body is the only bone that does not articulate directly with any other bone?

hyoid bone

The ___________ articulate(s) with the hip bones of the pelvis.

a) coccyx
b) thoracic vertebrae
c) sacrum
d) lumbar vertebrae

c) sacrum

Which of the following is correctly matched?

a) Scoliosis: abnormal lateral curvature
b) Kyphosis: accentuated lumbar curvature
c) Lordosis: rupture of the annulus fibrosus
d) Herniated disc: dorsally exaggerated thoracic curvature

a) Scoliosis: abnormal lateral curvature

How many lumbar vertebrae are there in a normal adult?

5

The spinal cord passes through the:

a) intervertebral foramina.
b) spinous process of the vertebrae.
c) lamina of the vertebrae.
d) vertebral foramina.

d) vertebral foramina.

Which vertebrae connect to the ribs?

a) cervical
b) sacral
c) lumbar
d) thoracic

d) thoracic

Which bone acts as a brace to hold the arms out and away from the body?

a) clavicle
b) sternum
c) scapula
d) first rib

a) clavicle

The largest and strongest bone of the body is the:

a) patella.
b) humerus.
c) tibia.
d) femur.

d) femur.

When you hit your elbow and say that you hit your "funny bone," you have actually hit a nerve that runs across the bone surface. Over which bone can this nerve be found?

a) pisiform
b) humerus
c) radius
d) ulna

b) humerus

How are the male and female pelves different?

a) Male and female pelves are identical, but the associated musculature differs.
b) The female pelvis is designed for childbearing.
c) The male pelvis is usually more muscular than the female.
d) The female pelvis is usually heavier than the male.

b) The female pelvis is designed for childbearing.

The scapula attaches to the axial skeleton.

T/F

false

Which of the following is true about paranasal sinuses?

a) Paranasal sinuses are found in maxillary, ethmoid, and lacrimal bones.
b) Paranasal sinuses enhance the resonance of the voice and lighten the skull.
c) Paranasal sinuses contain passages acting as one-way valves.
d) Paranasal sinuses open into the oral cavity.

b) Paranasal sinuses enhance the resonance of the voice and lighten the skull.

What is the major function of the intervertebral discs?

a) prevent injuries
b) absorb shock
c) string the vertebrae together
d) prevent hyperextension

b) absorb shock

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?

a) lordosis
b) kyphosis
c) swayback
d) scoliosis

d) scoliosis

Which of the following phrases best describes the function of the vertebral curves?

a) to improve cervical center of gravity
b) to provide resilience and flexibility
c) to accommodate muscle attachment
d) to accommodate the weight of the pelvic girdle

b) to provide resilience and flexibility

Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?

a) the sacral promontory
b) the cervical region
c) the sacrum
d) the lumbar region

d) the lumbar region

Which of the following is the abnormal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt to preserve their center of gravity toward the end of the pregnancy?

a) scoliosis
b) lordosis
c) kyphosis
d) hunchback

b) lordosis

Costal cartilages join most ribs to the sternum.

T/F

true

The ribs that attach to the sternum are called:

a) false ribs.
b) floating ribs.
c) true ribs.
d) vertebral ribs.

c) true ribs.

The layman's name for the scapula is the collarbone.

T/F

false

The antebrachium is composed of which of the following two bones?

a) the humerus and the clavicle
b) the radius and the ulna
c) the humerus and the radius
d) the scapula and the clavicle

b) the radius and the ulna

In the anatomical position, the lateral forearm bone is the radius.

T/F

true

Which of the following bones is not weight bearing?

a) tibia
b) talus
c) femur
d) fibula

d) fibula

Which bone is the largest, longest, and strongest bone of the body?

a) fibula
b) os coxa
c) tibia
d) femur

d) femur

The movable base of the tongue is the:

a) ethmoid bone.
b) vomer.
c) hyoid bone.
d) palatine bone.

c) hyoid bone.

What is the major function of the axial skeleton?

a) provide central support for the body and protect internal organs
b) provide an attachment point for muscles that allow movement
c) provide a space for the major digestive organs
d) give the body resilience

a) provide central support for the body and protect internal organs

Thoracic vertebrae differ from the other vertebrae in that they have ________.

a) no intervertebral discs
b) transverse foramina
c) no transverse processes
d) facets for attachment of ribs

d) facets for attachment of ribs

Lordosis affects the thoracic vertebrae.

T/F

false

Which of the following bones is a part of the appendicular skeleton?

a) sternum
b) humerus
c) hyoid bone
d) mandible

b) humerus

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