Photoautotrophic with Chlorophyll A & phycobilins
Reproduces with binary fission, has peptidoglycan cell walls and heterocysts for nitrogen fixation
Photoautotrophic Eukaryote, has a cyanelle with Chlorophyll A, phycobilins and remnants of a petptidoglycan cell wall
A transitional group providing evidence of primary endosymbiosis
Has a true chloroplast, stores excess nutrients as floridean starch, pit connections located between cells, cell walls composed of cellulose and galactan. Reproduces via sporic meiosis with a carposporophyte, tetrasporophyte and gametophytes
Has chloroplasts with chlorophyll A & B and carotenoids in lieu of phycobilins, stores excess nutrients as starch, cell walls composed of cellulose includes spirogyra which reproduces via zygotic meiosis with conjugation
Kingdom: Disputed Plantae or Protista
Closest relative to plants includes Coleochaete, reproduces via zygotic meiosis, multicellular displaying thallus structures
An inclusive group of 3 phlya: Hepatophyta, Anthocerophyta and Bryophyta. Reproduces via sporic meiosis. Gametophyte dominant. Flagellated sperm. Simple leafy or thallose body plan.
Thallose Gametophyte. Monoplastidic cells. Sporophyte consists of a foot and a sporangium. Sporophyte bears stomata and grows from a basal meristem
Thallose or leafy gametophytes. Leaves when present are arranged in 3 rows. Has surface pores for gas exchange. Gemmae cups for asexual reproduction.
Leafy gametophytes. Most leaves bear a costa or a singular midvein. Some tissues have conductive tissue. Sporophyte bears stomata.
Seedfree Vascular Plants
Includes: Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Pterophyta and Sphenophyta. Flagellated sperm. Lignified vascular tissue. Sporophyte dominant. Branching sporophyte. Maybe hetero or homosporous.
Undifferentiated axes and sporangia. Homosporous.
Stems, whorled leaves and true roots. Spores in strobilus. Homosporous.
Stems, roots and megaphylls known as fronds. Spores produces under the leaves as sori. Homosporous.
Stems, roots and microphylls. Spores produced in strobilus. May be hetero or homosporous.
Includes phyla: Cycadophyta, ginkophyta, gnetophyta and coniferophyta. Sperm delivered through pollination. Seeds as dispersal units. Capable of secondary growth. Xerophytic leaves.
Evergreen Trees. Monoecious. Mega and Microstrobili. Wind pollinated. Sperm not flagellated.
Evergreen shrubs. Dioecious. Mega/ microstrobili. Insect pollinated. Flagellated sperm.
Deciduous. Dioecious. Ovuoles at branch tips. Wind pollinated. Flagellated sperm.
Includes: Welwitschia, Gnetum, and Ephedra. Evergreen with opposite leaves. Dioecious. Mega and microstrobili. Wind and insect pollinated. Sperm unflagellated.