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4 noble truths

life has pain/suffering
suffering is caused by desire
cure for suffering is overcoming nonvirtue
overcome nonvirtue by following 8fold path

buddhas name

siddartha guatama

Indian mountain ranges

himilayas
hindu kush

original citystates of Indus valley

harrappa
mohenjo daro

advanced features of indus citystates

sewage systems
organized government
planned cities

moksha

ultimate goal of hinduism, reunification of individual soul and universal soul

karma

influences movement of soul into a new form

nirvana

complete peace or emptiness

atman

soul or universal soul

dharma

universal moral laws

Vedic Age

time of religious texts and great literature

goal of buddhism

reach nirvana

meospotamia vs india
climate

NOT similar

language of earliest indus inhabitants

NOT sanskrit

india water borders

bay of bengal
indian ocean

causes of migrations

food problems
population increase
climate
resources
conflict

aryan conquest

introduce caste system and hinduism to india

caste system order

warriors/rulers (2nd after epic age)
priests (top after epic age)
merchants/farmers
common workers
untouchables

dynasties order

Shang
Zhou
Chin (Quin)
Han

Shang

writing on oracle bones
human sacrifice
earliest woman soldier
torture methods
lead in glasses, impaired thinking
capital at anyad
longest dynasty

Zhou

created mandate of heaven
used feudalism
capital at Xian
phycalogical warfare
confucsious teachings

Qin

Harsh legalism teachings
terra cotta warriors
China first unified by Shih Huangdi (exliar death)
GREAT WALL OF CHINA
purged confuscianists

Han

western version of rome
Wudi
Silk road and lots of tradee WEEEE
confuscian teachings back

Shang decline

lead in drinking material
changes in royal authority

Zhou decline

warring states period
feudal lords had too much power

Qin decline

after Chin's death, angered citizens overthrew (forced labor heavy taxes)

Han decline

weaker kings
internal conflict
Hun invade from north

Shih Huangdi

first emporer (Chin)
took away feudalism, made legalism
purged opposers
gov based on fear
harsh rule

Wudi

strengthed gov and economy (Han)
set up imperial university
monopoly on iron and salt
expanded borders and influence

Confuscius

brilliant scholar
developed a philosophy
-ensure social order
-good government
5 relationships
teachings in the "Analects"

Daoism

harmony with nature
less government=better
The Way of Virtue
Laozi

Dynastic Cycle

explains rise and fall of dynasties

philosophy

set of ideas

legalism

Hanfeizei
strict laws
harsh punishments
strength over goodness
used by Shih Huangdi

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