history vocab- chapter 5

Created by cwood13 

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19 terms

epic poems

a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero

Polis

city-state

acropolis

usually the upper fortified part of a city or town

Agora

an open place that served both as a place where citizens could assemble and as a market

Hoplites

heavily armed infantry soldiers, foot soldiers

phalanx

marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation

democracy

rule of the many

oligarchy

rule by the few

Archons

rulers

marathon

footrace

ostracism

members of the assembly wrote the name of a person who was considered harmful on a pottery fragment. if 6,000 votes were recorded, the person was banned from the city for ten years

ritual

prayers combined with gifts and sacrifices to gain the favor of the gods in religious ceremonies

oracle

a sacred shrine dedicated to a god or goddess who revealed the future

trilogy

a set of three prayers

philosophy

an organized system of thought

Socratic method

uses a question-and-answer format to lead pupils to see things for themselves by using their own reason

Hellenistic era

an age of expansion of Greek language and ideas into the Middle East and beyond

Epicureanism

a philosophy founded by a teacher, Epicurus, in Athens in the fourth century BCE based on the concept that heppiness through the pursuit of pleasure (freedom that comes from a mind at rest) was the goal of life

Stoicism

the most popular philosophy of the Hellenistic world, founded by Zeno, based on the concept that heppiness, the supreme good, could be obtained only by living in harmony with the will of God, thereby obtaining inner peace

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