← AP English Lit Terms: Paradox-Refrain Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Paradox a statement that seems contradictory, but is not. ex. socrates-the more you know, the more you know you don't know Parallelism repeated syntactical similarities used for effect Parenthetical A phrase set off by commas that interrupt the flow of a sentence Parody exaggerating a specific work so that it appears ridiculous; a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, or some other target by means of humorous, satirical, or ironic imitation. Pastoral A poem set in tranquil nature Pathos a clichéd personification of nature; the treatment of inanimate objects as if they had human feelings, thoughts, or sensations. Pentameter a line of verse containing five metrical feet ex. In sooth/I now/not why/I am/so sad. Periodic sentence a sentence that is grammatically incomplete until its final phrase Persona the character created by the author to narrate Periphrasis Adding superfluous words to extend the message you are trying to give Personification inanimate objects or animals take on human shape or characteristics Petrarchan Sonnet An italian sonnet (14 lines) composed of an octave rhyming abbaabba and a sestet of varying rhyme schemes, often cdecde. Prelude an introductory poem to a longer work of verse Private Symbol An author's personal symbol that the reader understands through context Protagonist the main character of a novel or play Public voice a writer who is speaking for all people ex. WE the people... Pun humorous use of a word in a way to suggest two or more meanings Pure rhyme initial sounds of a word differ, and the rest of the sound is identical Pyrrhic a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables ex. TO A/green thought/IN A/green shade. Quatrain four line stanza Quintet Five lines of poetry with no prescribed rhyme Refrain a line or set of lines repeated several times in a poem.