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Chapter 5 Test Nutrition

The process by which the body takes in and uses food

Nutrition

The units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.

Calories

The substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.

Nutrients

A natural physical drive that protects you from starvation.

Hunger

A desire, rather than a need to eat

Appetite

Eating to be sociable at a party is an example of

appetite

When you eat because you are feeling stressed, you are allowing ________ to affect your eating habits.

emotions

A person's cultural background in a (n) _________ factor that influences food choices.

environmental

People need to analyze the health messages given by food _________ in order to make informed food choices.

advertisements

Good nutrition, along with other healthful habits, can increase your overall _________.

wellness

A major source of energy for your body comes from

carbohydrates

An example of a food that contains complete proteins is

fish

One major function of proteins is

making new cells

An example of fats high in saturated fatty acids is

coconut oil

The excess cholesterol in the blood is deposited in

the arteries

Your body converts all carbohydrates to fiber

False-glucose

The body uses proteins to make lipids, which are substances that control the rate of chemical reactions in the cells.

False-enzymes

An increased risk of heart disease is associated with a high intake of saturated fats.

True

Water-soluable vitamins are stored in fat.

False-fat soluable

Water is a nutrient that is vital to every body function.

True

Corn syrup is a type of protein

False-sugar

Eating foods with less fat decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease

True

A healthful eating plan can include sensible snacks

True

The ______ is a booklet of recommendations for healthful eating and active living.

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

To maintain fitness, you should include about 60 minutes of __________ every day.

physical activity

Most of your daily servings of food should come from the ________ group.

grain

Consuming too much ___________ can lead to high blood pressure.

sodium

Substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect

Food additives

A condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods

Food allergy

A negative reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem

Food intollerance

Food poisoning

Food borne illness

The process of treating a substance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens

Pasteurization

A (n) ____________ on a food package will indicate the number of calories of fat per serving and the number of servings per container.

nutrition facts panel

The _________ on a food product indicates the last date you should use the product.

expiration date

The ________ on a food product indicates the last date the product should be sold.

sell-by date

To prevent __________ you should store raw meat separately from other foods.

cross-contamination

Bacteria and ______________ cause most common food borne illnesses.

viruses

Complete proteins

contain all 9 essential amino acids

Incomplete proteins

lack one or more of the 9 essential amino acids

The sugars and starches present in foods

carbohydrates

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