CULF Final

58 terms by mellaanniiee 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

World War I

a war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918

Treaty of Versailles

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

Great Depression

the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s

Fascism

a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)

Hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Japanese territorial expansion in 1930s

?

Atlantic Charter

1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war

Four Freedoms

1941-Freedom of Speech, Religion, Want, from Fear; used by FDR to justify a loan for Britain, if the loan was made, the protection of these freedoms would be ensured

United Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

Cold War

Between US and USSR from 1945-1990. A political and economic stuggle between nations.

Modern World

the circumstances and ideas of the present age

Contemporary Era

Recent History, effects have been overcome

Atomic Bombs

explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions. Used in 1945.

Welfare state

a government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.

Crimes Against Humanity

a category of activities, made illegal in 1945, condemning states that abuse human rights

Decolonization

the action of changing from colonial to independent status

Decolonization of India

1947

Marshall Plan

a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security

Peoples Republic of China

a socialist republic ruled by the Communist Party of China under a single-party system

Ho Chi Minh

Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)

War in Vietnam

1945-1975. The US became involved in the war in an effort to stop the spread of communism to southeast asia.

National self-determination

The freedom of the people of a given territory to determine their own political status

Capitalism

an economic system based on private ownership of capital

Communism

a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership

Democracy

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

Authoritarianism

a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

Apartheid

1948 - 1994 in South Africa a racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites

Nationalism

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it

Xenophobia

dislike and/or fear of that which is unknown or different from oneself.

Globality

a hypothetical condition in which the process of globalization is complete

Globalization

economies, societies, and cultures growth to a global scale

Bretton Woods System

The international monetary system developed after the Second World War it helped stabilize foreign exchange rates

World Bank

a United Nations agency created to assist developing nations by loans guaranteed by member governments

International Monetary Fund

a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies

World Trade Organization

an international organization based in Geneva that monitors and enforces rules governing global trade

Neo-liberalism

A strategy for economic development that calls for free markets, balanced budgets, privatization, free trade, and minimal government intervention in the economy.

Neo-conservatism

An ideological term characterizing parties or politicians who not only advocate an end to government expansion, but also believe in reducing its role via downsizing, privatization, and deregulation

Transnational corporations

Business corporations located in two or more countries.

Southeast Asia Crisis

Southeast Asian financial markets crashed

First World

US and allies during cold war, contrast to soviets

Second World

the communist and state-planned countries of the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China (Cold War)

Third World

underdeveloped and developing countries of Asia and Africa and Latin America collectively

Structural Adjustment Programs

Economic policies made by the IMF that encourage international trade.

United States Agency for International Aid

the United States federal government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid

Particularist protectionism

?

Universalist protectionism

?

NGO's

private, voluntary organizations whose members are individuals or associations that come together for a common purpose (Red Cross, Green Peace, Amnesty)

Fair Trade

1992- an organized social movement and market-based approach that aims to help producers in developing countries and promote sustainability.

Millennium Development Goals

eight international development goals that 192 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015.

United Nations Declaration of Human Rights

the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are entitled. It consists of 30 articles which have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws.

Fundamentalism

a belief in a strict adherence to a set of basic principles (often religious in nature), sometimes as a reaction to perceived doctrinal compromises with modern social and political life

Terrorism

the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals

De-industrialization

when companies move industrial jobs to other regions with cheaper labor

Outsourcing

The relocation of production once done in the United States to foreign countries.

Sustainable growth

Economic growth and development that meets present needs without harming the needs of future generations.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set