Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

a stimulus that moves a person to behave in ways designed to accomplish a specific goal

motive

a condition in which we require something we lack

needs

caused by both biological and psychological needs, the forces that motivate an organism to take action

drives

in contrast to biological needs, psychological needs...

are not necessarily based on deprivation

the biological need for food gives rise to....

the hunger drive

instincts are also called...

fixed-action patterns

behavioral patterns genetically transmitted from generation to generation

instinct

William James believed that human behavior was motivated by....

instincts

tendency to maintain a state of equilibrium in the body, achieved through adjustments of the nervous system

homeostasis

The drive-reduction theory applies to...

many biological drives

Maslow pioneered the study of _____ psychology.

humanistic

The need for self-actualization is part of the theory by....

Maslow

the need to become what one believes he or she is capable of being

self-actualization

hunger drive can be satisfied by...

sensations of chewing and swallowing

people experience hunger as a result of...

pressure and anxiety, low blood sugar, and the activity of the hypothalamus

the start and stop eating centers are located in the...

hypothalamus

people tend to eat more...

around others

Obesity effects about....

3 out of 10 American Adults

weighing more than 30% percent over your recommended body weight

obese

healthy wright control programs involve...

diet and exercise

Particular genes contribute to obesity by...

not sending the person the biological signal to stop eating

the rate that people metabolize food is based on the amount of...

muscle and fat in their body

desires for stimulatoin

stimulus motives

an absence of stimulation

sensory deprivation

sensation seekers are people who...

are at their best when doing something adventerous

motivation to get ahead and tackle challenging situations and to meet high personal standards of success

achievement motivation

specific goals

performance goals

goals in learning for learning's sake

learning goals

motivators such as good grades, good income, or respect from others

extrinsic rewards

motivators such as learning goals and self-satisfaction

intrinsic rewards

parents of children with learning goals encourage their children to...

be persistent, enjoy school, and solve their own problems

seeking to think and behave in ways what they believe and how others expect them to behave, thoughts fit with their beliefs

cognitive consistancy

uncomfortable state that tends to upset people

imbalance

leaves people feeling indifferent

non-balance

desire to join with others and be a part of something larger than oneself

affiliation

affiliation motivation prompts people to...

make friends and participate, keep families together, provides support for a pleasurable company

needs such as self esteem and achievement

psychological needs

states of feeling that influence our thoughts and actions

emotions

The James-Lang theory is criticized because...

it downplays the role of human cognition

PET scans show that different emotions....

involve different parts of the brain

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set