the only woman to ever declare herself empress, she was a member of the Tang Dynasty; takes over when Li Shimin dies; she used trickery to get power, cuts taxes, raises salaries of government officials, encourages trade and buddhism, takes korea as a tributary state, reforms the civil service exams, builds more school for more job opprotunities, takes critism from Li Bo and improves, The only woman to ever declare herself empress, she was a member of the Tang Dynasty.
the group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government
an Asian temple
-Mongol Peace-used to describe the eased communication and commerce the unified administration helped to create, a phrase coined by Western scholars to describe the alleged stabilizing effects of the conquest of the Mongol Empire on the social, cultural and economic life of the inhabitants of the vast Eurasian territory they conquered in the 13th and 14th centuries
the imperial dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia
Korean dynasty that ruled from 935-1392, Replaced the Silla Dynasty in Korea capital was Songak metal type print led to mass productionn of books also produced celadon
one of the great Yi rulers, ordered bronze instruments to be used in measuring rain, and created simplified writing
Tale of Genji
story of Prince Genji and his lovers, written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu at end of 11th century, world's first full novel, story of Prince Genji and his lovers, written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu; believed to be the world's first full novel
A popular type of Japanese drama combined with music and dance, it is the type of theatre in Japan(Played buy all male actors)
the imperial dynasty of China from 618 to 907, dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618 - 907 AD; China expands from Vietnam to Manchuria, Dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618-907 CE
the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279, (960 - 1279 AD); this dynasty was started by Tai Zu; by 1000, a million people were living there; started feet binding; had a magnetic compass; had a navy; traded with india and persia (brought pepper and cotton); first to have paper money, explosive gun powder; *landscape black and white paintings
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China
Korean dynasty that opened schools and made neo-Confucianism the state doctrine, in Hanyang
Korean alphabet that uses 14 consanatns and 10 vowels for folktales and popular literatre
a clan; each clan had their own cheif, The Yayoi lived in these clans. The clans were headed by a single patriarchal figure who served as both a war-chief and as a priest. They had no system of writing or money; they dressed largely in clothes made from hemp or bark. Marriages were frequently polygamous, but women held a fairly prominent place in the society. The relationships were complex; slowly, territorial conflict gradually produced what came close to small states.
in Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors
feudal Japanese military aristocracy
slash and burn
a farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
independent state that has to acknowledge the supremacy of another state and pay tribute to its ruler, These are regions or colonies who become subordinates of a more powerful state as a means to control slaves and to provide exclusive trading rights to foreign regions.
an inland waterway 1000 miles long in eastern China, The 1,100-mile (1,700-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire. (p. 277)
A Taoist Symbol That shows the balance of right and wrong., Forces of nature, yin- negative, weak, dark, female. yang- bright, positive, strong, male. Each balance each other out, needs to be perfect.
Mongolian Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (1162-1227)
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)
first prince of Japan, 593 C.E., Japanese regent, he was one of Japan's greatest leaders. He was influential in bringing Buddhism and Chinese ideas to Japan.
Only family to hold the title of emperor in Japanese history
Japanese system of writing with simplified Chinese characters that are used phonetically
traditional code of the Japanese samurai which stressed courage and loyalty and self-discipline and simple living
the Oceanic language spoken by the Maori people in New Zealand
2400 west in the pacific, large stone head figures
Chinese philosopher (circa 551-478 BC), Chinese philosopher, administrator, and moralist. His social and moral teachings, collected in the Analects , tried to replace former religious observances
In China, the class of prosperous families, next in wealth below the rural aristocrats, from which the emperors drew their administrative personnel. (166)
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith