Literary Terms-Advanced

26 terms by imendoza_ahs

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Adage

a familiar proverb or wise saying

antecedent

a word, phrase of clause to which a pronoun refers to

aphorism

a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance

apostrophe

a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

balanced sentence

a sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast

bathos

insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing/speech intended to evoke pity

chiasmus

a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed

cumulative sentence

a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases (main clause is at the beginning)

deductive reasoning

reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)

didactic

having the primary purpose of teaching or instructing

epigram

a brief, pithy, and often paradoxical saying

epigraph

a saying or statement on the title page of a work, or used as a heading for a chapter or other section of a work

homily

a sermon, or a moralistic lecture

inductive reasoning

deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals").

literary licence

deviating from normal rules or methods in order to achiever a certain effect (intentional sentence fragments, for example).

litotes

a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite (describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture.")

malapropism

the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar ("The doctor wrote a subscription.")

maxim

a concise statement, often offering advice; an adage

parenthetical

a comment that interrupts the immediate subject, often to qualify or explain

pedantic

characterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship

romantic

a term describing a character or literary work that reflects the characteristics of Romanticism, the literary movement beginning in the late 18th century that stressed emotion, imagination, and individualism

solecism

nonstandard grammatical usage; a violation of grammatical rules

syllepsis

a construction in which one word is used in two different senses ("After he threw the ball, he threw a fit.")

synedoche

using one part of an object to represent the entire object (for example, referring to a car simply as "wheels")

synesthesia

describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")

vernacular

the everyday speech of a particular country or region, often involving nonstandard usage

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