Combo with WHS AP US History CH 12 and 3 others

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207 terms

Reform movements emerged in America in the mid-nineteenth century in part because of a
A. pessimistic assumption in the natural weakness of individuals.
B. desire for social stability and discipline in the face of change.
C. belief that society needed to break free from its old traditions.
D. fear that civil war was going to engulf the nation.
E. declining importance placed on religious piety.

B. desire for social stability and discipline in the face of change

In the mid-nineteenth century, the general European attitude toward American art and literature
A. was one of growing respect and admiration.
B. was that American artists had little to offer Europe.
C. included praise for American artists for defining a new set of national virtues.
D. included criticism of American artists for ignoring romanticism.
E. was that it had been hopelessly corrupted by the ideology of unfettered capitalism.

B. was that American artists had little to offer Europe.

All of the following painters were associated with the Hudson River School EXCEPT
A. James Whistler.
B. Thomas Cole.
C. Frederic Church.
D. Albert Bierstadt.
E. Asher Durand.

A. James Whistler.

All of the following people helped create a distinct American literature EXCEPT
A. Walt Whitman.
B. Herman Melville.
C. James Fenimore Cooper.
D. Edgar Allan Poe.
E. Sydney Smith.

E. Sydney Smith.

Walt Whitman
A. intensely disagreed with the American transcendentalists.
B. rejected much of romanticism.
C. celebrated the liberation of the individual.
D. was a strong critic of American democracy.
E. became a strong defender of Southern institutions, especially slavery.

C. celebrated the liberation of the individual.

The writings of Edgar Allan Poe were A. primarily sad and macabre.
B. mostly ignored during his lifetime. C. largely focused on Southern society.
D. acclaimed by many American writers in his time.
E. completely ignored in Europe after his death.

A. primarily sad and macabre.

Transcendentalists
A. rejected European intellectuals.
B. regarded reason to be the most important human faculty.
C. argued that emotional responses inhibited the internal development of individuals.
D. believed all individuals should develop their intellectualism.
E. argued for the liberating potential of "understanding."

B. regarded reason to be the most important human faculty.

The transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau
A. was more conventional in his thinking than Ralph Waldo Emerson. B. felt every individual should balance society's expectations with one's own instincts.
C. argued that being part of society helped individuals to transcend their egotism.
D. established a college for transcendentalism at Walden Pond. E. argued Americans had a moral right to disobey the laws of the United States.

E. argued Americans had a moral right to disobey the laws of the United States.

The primary goal of the 1840s community experiment known as Brook Farm was
A. to create a society where individuals did not have to work.
B. to allow individuals to live without any social limits on their behavior.
C. to eliminate social sexual discrimination through a practice of celibacy.
D. to permit all members to realize their full potential as individual beings.
E. to show that communal living was more efficient and productive than family life.

D. to permit all members to realize their full potential as individual beings.

One of the most enduring of the pre-Civil War utopian colonies was
A. Oneida.
B. New Harmony.
C. Brook Farm.
D. Walden.
E. Nauvoo.

A. Oneida.

Which of the following was arguably the most distinctive feature of Shakerism?
A. the admittance of women only
B. communal raising of children
C. polygamy
D. free love
E. complete celibacy

E. complete celibacy

Mormonism
A. believed in human perfectibility.
B. emphasized individual liberty.
C. was founded by Brigham Young. D. began in the Midwest.
E. always rejected polygamy.

A. believed in human perfectibility.

Nineteenth-century Protestant revivalists such as the New Light revivalists
A. sought to revive the ideals of Calvinism.
B. believed that no individual could control his or her personal salvation. C. took the lead in the cause to end slavery.
D. formed a crusade against personal immorality.
E. believed temperance was detracting from other, loftier reform movements.

D. formed a crusade against personal immorality.

In the 1830s and 1840s, cholera epidemics in the United States
A. were transmitted to humans by fleas living on rats.
B. led many cities to build water treatment facilities.
C. were diminished as physicians gained a basic understanding of bacteria.
D. typically killed more than half of those who contracted the disease.
E. None of these answers is correct.

D. typically killed more than half of those who contracted the disease

During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was
A. the absence of regulations in the medical profession.
B. the absence of basic knowledge about disease.
C. the low social status of medical professionals.
D. the difficulty in medical experimentation.
E. the apathy of the general population towards preventative health.

B. the absence of basic knowledge about disease.

Prior to 1860, public education in the United States
A. did not exist.
B. gave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world.
C. was legally denied for all non-whites.
D. was funded by the federal government.
E. emphasized independence and creativity.

B. gave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world.

The Massachusetts reformer who built a national movement for new methods of treating the criminally ill was
A. Susan B. Anthony.
B. Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
C. Lucretia Mott.
D. Angelina Grimke.
E. Dorothea Dix.

E. Dorothea Dix.

The nineteenth-century practice of placing American Indians on reservations was partially designed to
A. isolate and protect Indians from white society.
B. help "regenerate" the Indian.
C. allow Indians to develop to a point where they could assimilate into white society.
D. All these answers are correct.
E. None of these answers is correct.

D. All these answers are correct.

1848 Seneca Falls, New York convention on women's rights
A. issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence.
B. asserted that women should have a place in society distinctly different from men.
C. refused to allow men to attend.
D. called on the government to treat both genders and all races with equality.
E. shied away from demanding female suffrage as too radical.

A. issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence.

Which of the following nineteenth-century leaders is primarily known for her pioneering work in the American feminist movement?
A. "Mother" Ann Lee
B. Harriet Tubman
C. Sojourner Truth
D. Rachel Eaton
E. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

E. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

The American Colonization Society helped to transport blacks from the United States to
A. the Caribbean.
B. Liberia.
C. Angola.
D. England.
E. Canada.

B. Liberia.

Prior to the Civil War, free blacks in the North tended to be
A. deeply antagonistic to William Lloyd Garrison.
B. indifferent to slavery in the South. C. anxious to leave the United States.
D. in favor of the "back to Africa" movements.
E. strongly opposed to Southern slavery.

E. strongly opposed to Southern slavery.

Frederick Douglass
A. was born free but was sold into slavery as a youth.
B. wrote for William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist newspaper.
C. spent years lecturing in England against slavery.
D. was an ordained minister.
E. argued that blacks wanted only an end to slavery, and not full social equality.

C. spent years lecturing in England against slavery.

One leading abolitionist who was murdered for his activism was
A. William Lloyd Garrison.
B. Frederick Douglass.
C. Sojourner Truth.
D. Benjamin Lundy.
E. Elijah Lovejoy.

E. Elijah Lovejoy.

In the 1840s, William Lloyd Garrison spoke against
A. equality for women.
B. defensive wars.
C. ending the asylum system.
D. Northern disunion from the South. E. extreme pacifism.

B. defensive wars.

Prior to the Civil War, the Liberty Party
A. supported the rights of slaveowners.
B. opposed the admission of California into the union in 1850.
C. promoted "free soil."
D. focused on strengthening the fugitive slave laws.
E. campaigned for outright abolition.

C. promoted "free soil."

Between 1820 and 1840, the population of the United States
A. rapidly grew, in part, due to improved public health.
B. saw the proportion of enslaved blacks to free whites increase.
C. increased at a slower rate than in Europe.
D. remained relatively constant.
E. grew in spite of a very low birth rate in America

A. rapidly grew, in part, due to improved public health (264)

In 1860, the percentage of the population in free states living in towns (2,500+ people) was
A. seven percent.
B. thirteen percent.
C. twenty-six percent.
D. thirty-nine percent.
E. forty-two percent

C. twenty-six percent (265)

Which city did NOT owe its growth to the Great Lakes?
A. Milwaukee
B. Chicago
C. Cleveland
D. Cincinnati
E. Buffalo

D. Cincinnati (265)

Before 1860, the largest single group of arriving Irish immigrants was
A. young, single men.
B. families.
C. children.
D. skilled laborers.
E. young, single women

E. young, single women

Prior to 1860, hostility among native-born Americans toward immigrants was spurred, in part, by
A. the refusal by immigrants to adopt to American culture.
B. fears of political radicalism.
C. the ability of immigrants to command high wages.
D. concerns that immigrants generally did not participate in politics.
E. the effect they had on the falling price of African slaves

B. fears of political radicalism (268)

After 1852, the "Know-Nothings" created a new political organization called the
A. Copperheads.
B. Republican Party.
C. Nativist Party.
D. Libertarian Party.
E. American Party

E. american Party (269)

The Erie Canal was
A. limited to flat land.
B. built entirely by private investors.
C. built without either locks or gates.
D. a tremendous financial success.
E. a great boon to the growth of Philadelphia

D. a tremendous financial success (271)

Which of the following statements regarding American railroads in the 1850s is FALSE?
A. Railroads helped weaken the connection between the Northwest and the South.
B. Most railroad "trunk lines" were reduced or eliminated.
C. Long distance rail lines weakened the dependence of the West on the Mississippi River.
D. Chicago was the railroad center of the West.
E. Private investors provided nearly all the capital for rail development

B. Most railroad "trunk lines weakened the dependence of the West on the Mississippi river (273)

Before the 1830s, American corporations could be chartered only by
A. an act of Congress.
B. presidential executive order.
C. state legislatures.
D. a public vote.
E. a state governor

C. state Legislatures (276)

By 1860, factories in the United States
A. were concentrated in the Northeast.
B. produced goods whose total value greatly exceeded the nation's agricultural output.
C. employed one-third of the nation's manufacturing labor force.
D. All these answers are correct.
E. None of these answers is correct

A. were concentrated in the Northeast (277)

By 1860, the energy for industrialization in the United States increasingly came from
A. water.
B. kerosene.
C. coal.
D. gasoline.
E. wood

C. coal (277)

In the 1820s and 1830s, the labor force for factory work in the United States
A. saw many skilled urban artisans move into factory jobs.
B. consisted mostly of European immigrants.
C. was reduced by dramatic improvements in agricultural production.
D. All these answers are correct.
E. None of these answers is correct

E. none of these answers is correct (278)

When the Lowell factory system began
A. craftsmen were part of the production system.
B. workers were fairly well paid and lived in supervised dormitories.
C. workers had few benefits outside of a set wage scale.
D. the work day ended when production quotas were met.
E. workers rarely stopped working in the mills until retirement

B. workers were fairly well paid and lived in supervised dormitories (278)

In the 1840s, the dominant immigrant group in New England textile mills was the
A. Irish.
B. Germans.
C. English.
D. Italians.
E. Chinese

A. Irish (281)

The republican tradition in the United States included the tradition of
A. the skilled artisan.
B. the yeoman farmer.
C. the industrial entrepreneur.
D. the skilled artisan and the yeoman farmer.
E. the yeoman farmer and the industrial entrepreneur

D. the skilled artisan and the yeoman farmer (282)

The early union movement among skilled artisans
A. was weakened by the Panic of 1837.
B. was generally supported by state governments.
C. attempted to create one collective national trade union.
D. welcomed working women as members.
E. was strengthened by the influx of immigrant laborer

A. was weakened by the Panic of 1837 (282)

All of the following factors inhibited the growth of labor unions EXCEPT
A. the large number of immigrant workers.
B. the political strength of industrial capitalists.
C. ethnic divisions among workers.
D. the question of whether to include women members.
E. hostile laws and hostile courts

D. the question of whether to include women members (282)

Prior to 1860, American urban society
A. considered the conspicuous display of wealth to be poor social behavior.
B. saw the wealthy people move toward the outer edges of cities.
C. included a substantial number of destitute poor.
D. saw the Irish immigrants have less rights than free blacks.
E. None of these answers is correct

C. included a substantial number of destitute poor (283)

Prior to 1860, class conflict in the United States
A. increased as most of the working class dropped down the economic ladder.
B. increased as the gap between the wealthy and the poor widened.
C. was limited by a high degree of mobility within the working class.
D. decreased as immigration diversified society.
E. increased as a result of geographical mobility

C. was limited by a high degree of mobility within the working class(285)

The growth of commerce and industry allowed more Americans the chance to become prosperous
without
A. a professional education.
B. producing a product or service.
C. owning land.
D. capital.
E. marrying

C. owning land (285)

Prior to 1860, the most significant invention for middle-class American homes was the
A. cast-iron stove.
B. air conditioner.
C. icebox.
D. electric iron.
E. telegraph

A. cast-iron stove (285)

Compared to 1800, in 1860 urban American families
A. had a declining birth rate.
B. were more likely to see their children leave home in search of work.
C. were more likely to see income earners work outside the home.
D. All these answers are correct.
E. None of these answers is correct

D. all these answers are correct (286)

All of the following statements regarding American leisure activities prior to 1860 are true EXCEPT
A. Shakespeare was the nation's most popular playwright.
B. reading was a principle leisure activity among affluent Americans.
C. minstrel shows were increasingly popular.
D. popular tastes in public spectacle tended toward the bizarre and fantastic.
E. unpaid vacations were becoming common among the middle class

E. unpaid vacations were becoming common among the middle class (289)

In 1860, the typical white male American of the Old Northwest (today's Midwest) was
A. the owner of a family farm.
B. a marginal farmer.
C. a farmhand who did not own his own land.
D. an industrial worker.
E. an urban artisan

A. the owner of a family farm (293)

The main staple crop of the Old Northwest (today's Midwest) was
A. barley.
B. soy.
C. corn.
D. wheat.
E. cotton

D. wheat (293)

In the 1830s, Cyrus McCormick improved grain farming when he patented his
A. tractor.
B. thresher.
C. plow.
D. reaper.
E. mower

D. reaper (293)

Immigration contributed little to the American population in the first three decades of the nineteenth century (True/false)

True (265)

Much of the new pre-Civil War immigration went into the growing cities of the northeastern part of
the United States (true/false)

True (265)

Most of the pre-Civil War Irish and German immigrants who came to the United States did so as families, as opposed to single men and women (true/false)

False (267)

The Erie Canal was the greatest construction project Americans had ever undertaken (true/false)

True (271)

The development of a railroad system weakened connections between the Northwest and the South (true/false)

true (273)

In 1844, Samuel Morse showed off his invention by telegraphing news of Zachary Taylor's
nomination for the presidency over the wires from Baltimore to Washington (true/false)

false (275)

By 1860, over half of the manufacturing establishments in the United States were located west of the Mississippi River (true/false)

false (277)

Given the rapid increase in population, recruiting a labor force was a fairly easy task in the early years
of the American factory system (true/false)

false (278)

By 1860, the number of American inventions to receive patents was nearly 2,000 (true/false)

false (278)

The paternalistic nature of the Lowell factory system lasted through the Civil War (true/false)

false (280)

Commonwealth v. Hunt was a Massachusetts Supreme Court case which declared that labor unions were lawful organizations (true/false)

true (282)

In most cities of the East prior to the Civil War, the income gap between rich and poor was gradually narrowed (true/false)

false (283)

The fastest-growing group in America prior to the Civil War was the working poor (true/false)

false (285)

For most Americans in the nineteenth century, vacations were rare (true/false)

true (289)

The pre-Civil War "cult of domesticity" left women increasingly detached from the public world (true/false)

true (292)

As of the middle of the nineteenth century, the typical citizen of the Northwest was a poor, marginal farmer (true/false)

true (292)

The Northwest was the most self-consciously democratic section of the United States, but it was also a relatively conservative part of the country (true/false)

true (293)

Prior to 1860, rural Americans rarely had contact with the rest of the world (true/false)

false (294)

In the early 1850s a new political body called the American Party was created by a group called the "____________________."

know nothings (269)

When it was completed, the _____________________ was the greatest construction project Americans had yet undertaken

Erie Canal

The first railroad company actually to begin operations was the ___________________

Baltimore and Ohio (273)

By the mid-nineteenth century, the rail center of the West was _________________

Chicago (273)

The primary assistance from the federal government to railroad companies came in the form of _________________

Public land Grants (275)

Samuel Morse invented the ________________

telegraph (275)

The first American cooperative news gathering organization was called the ________________

Associated Press (275)

Corporate development was aided by laws permitting a system of ________________ for individual stockholders

Limited Liability (276)

The most profound economic development in mid-nineteenth-century America was the rise of the
______________

factories (277)

The process for vulcanizing rubber was discovered by _________________

Charles Goodyear (278)

Elias Howe's invention of the __________________ had an impact on both family life and the Civil
War

sewing machine (278)

The recruitment of young women to work and live in a factory setting was called the
______________ or Waltham system

Lowell (279)

Elaborate rooms with lush dark colors and heavy furniture and drapes were characteristic of the
______________ style

Victorian

In New York City, the construction of _______________ resulted primarily from pressure from members of high society

Central Park (283)

The most popular playwright in America in the 1830s was ______________

Shakespeare (290)

The American Museum which showcased human oddities was opened by ________________

P.T. Barnum

The automatic reaper was invented by ______________, while the machine thresher was invented by Case

Cyrus McCormick (293)

Which statemet regarding the american electorate durring the 1820s is true?
A. the right to vote was expanded to include many more white males
B. the right to vote was restricted to property owners
C. married white women had the right to vote but could not hold elected office
D.changes in votion rights occurred first in new england states and spread west.
C.older states began to expand their property ownership requirements

A. the right to vote was expanded to include many more white males (pg. 238)

The lawyer and activist who led the campaign to expand voting rights in Rhode Island was
A. Amos Kendall.
B. Joseph Story.
C. Daniel Webster.
D. Roger Taney.
E. Thomas Dorr.

E. Thomas Dorr (pg. 239)

By the 1830s, political parties were generally regarded as
A. in the control of special interest factions.
B. unnecessary to the political process.
C. a dangerous threat to the democratic process.
D. a desired and essential part of the democratic process.
E. an aberration

D. a desired and essential part of the democratic process (pg. 240)

In the 1830s, an argument in favor of political parties was the belief that
A. the parties would provide the training ground for candidates.
B. a permanent political opposition made parties sensitive to the people's will.
C. the present system of government had little effective organization.
D. inexperienced political candidates would be less likely to gain office.
E. parties could create a broader form of consensus than individual leaders.

B. a permanent political opposition made parties sensitive to the poeple's will (pg 241)

According to Andrew Jackson's theory of democracy
A. there should be one national political party. B. all white male citizens should be treated equally.
C. all white Americans should eventually be given the vote.
D. slavery should not extend into the west.
E. the South and West deserved special privileges as growing areas.

B. all white male citizens should be treated equally (pg242)

The "spoils system" refers to
A. making illegal payoffs to political supporters. B. giving away land taken from Indians to white settlers.
C. the destruction of land by overly aggressive settlement.
D. giving out jobs as political rewards.
E. parceling out federal land to the highest bidder.

D. giving out jobs as political rewards

As president, Andrew Jackson believed the power of the federal government
A. should be reduced.
B. should be expanded.
C. was supreme over individual states.
D. should be expanded and was supreme over individual states.
E. should be reduced and yet was supreme over individual states.

E. should be reduced and yet was supreme over induvidual states (pg243)

In the 1820s, John C. Calhoun proposed his doctrine of nullification
A. to reduce the political power of Andrew Jackson.
B. as an alternative to possible secession.
C. as a means to end the national bank.
D. to support trade tariffs.
E. to counter the growing influence of abolitionism in the North.

B. as an alternative to possible secession (pg243)

In his doctrine of nullification, John C. Calhoun argued
A. that states were the final authority on the constitutionality of federal laws.
B. all laws related to a state's economic development should come from that state.
C. states, not the Congress, should ratify amendments to the constitution.
D. there should not be a federal court system. E. that a state could not impose tariffs and levies on goods made in a neighboring state.

A. that all states were the final authority on the constitutionality of federal laws (pg243)

The political significance of Peggy Eaton on Andrew Jackson's administration was
A. the presidential aspirations of John C. Calhoun were likely ended.
B. John Eaton's ties with the administration were strengthened.
C. Martin Van Buren had a political falling out with President Jackson.
D. the political strength of President Jackson was weakened.
E. it encouraged Jackson to liberalize the nation's divorce and coverture laws.

A. the presidential aspirations of john c. calhoun were likely ended

Senator Robert Hayne represented the state of A. New York.
B. Ohio.
C. Pennsylvania.
D. Virginia.
E. South Carolina.

E. South Carolina (pg244)

In 1830, what political figure said, "Our Federal Union—It must be preserved"?
A. Andrew Jackson
B. Robert Hayne
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Daniel Webster
E. Henry Clay

A. Andrew Jackson

In 1833, the nullification crisis came to an end after President Andrew Jackson
A. authorized the use of military force to see the acts of Congress were obeyed.
B. raised the tariff.
C. threatened to arrest supporters of nullification.
D. agreed to give a larger share of federal authority to the states.
E. acceded to John C. Calhoun's doctrine of nullification.

A. authorized the use of military force to see the acts of congress were obeyed (245)

The Black Hawk War
A. constituted a major, although temporary, Indian victory.
B. occurred in New England and upstate New York.
C. was notable for vicious behavior by the American military.
D. was sparked by the kidnapping of the leader of the Fox Indians.
E. resulted in the removal of the Five Civilized Tribes to the west.

C. was notabel for vicious behavior by the American military

The "Trail of Tears" taken by the Cherokees led them to the area that later became
A. Texas.
B. Oklahoma.
C. Missouri.
D. New Mexico.
E. Nevada.

B. Olahoma (247)

Of the "Five Civilized Tribes," the tribe that best resisted the pressures of removal were the
A. Creeks.
B. Choctaws.
C. Seminoles.
D. Chickasaws.
E. Cherokees.

C. Seminoles (248)

In 1830, President Andrew Jackson vetoed a federal subsidy to the Maysville Road because A. he sought to demonstrate his presidential power at a time when it was being questioned. B. the road was not a part of any system of interstate commerce.
C. the subsidy was to be paid for out of tariff revenue, which he opposed.
D. he thought the proposal might jeopardize his bid for reelection.
E. he thought it would upset the balance created by the Missouri Compromise nine years earlier.

B. the road was not a part of any system of interstate commerce (250)

In the 1830s, the Bank of the United States was opposed by
A. "soft-money" advocates.
B. "hard-money" advocates.
C. Henry Clay.
D. both "soft-money" advocates and "hard-money" advocates.
E. None of these answers is correct.

D. both "soft-money" advvocates and "hard-money" advocates (250)

In 1832, Henry Clay sought to use the debate over the Bank of the United States primarily to
A. politically embarrass President Jackson.
B. help his reelection to the Senate.
C. promote his "American System."
D. boost his presidential candidacy.
E. exact revenge on Nicholas Biddle for a perceived slight

D. boost his presidential candidacy (251)

President Andrew Jackson's success in abolishing the Bank of the United States
A. caused serious political damage to his administration.
B. led the nation into a period of long economic decline.
C. left the nation with an unstable banking system for many years.
D. led him to lose the political support of Roger B. Taney.
E. seriously damaged his support within the Democratic Party

C. left the nation with an unstable banking system for many years (252)

Jacksonian Democrats
A. praised President Jackson as "King Andrew I."
B. faced little political opposition by the mid-1830s.
C. were strongest among the merchants and manufacturers of the Northeast.
D. All these answers are correct.
E. None of these answers is correct

E. none of these answers is correct (254)

In the 1830s, the so-called Locofocos were
A. radical Democrats.
B. defenders of monopolies.
C. Southern slaveholders.
D. Western farmers.
E. radical abolitionists

A. radical Democrats (254)

From the following groups, support for the Whigs was weakest among
A. wealthy Southern planters.
B. substantial New England manufacturers.
C. small Western farmers.
D. aristocratic Americans.
E. evangelical Protestant

C. small western farmers (254)

During the 1830s, evangelical Protestants tended to support
A. Democrats.
B. Irish immigrants.
C. Whigs.
D. German immigrants.
E. Masons

C. Whigs (254)

During its two-decade history, the Whig Party won the presidency
A. zero times.
B. one time.
C. two times.
D. three times.
E. four times

C. two times (260)

In 1836, Martin Van Buren won the presidency because
A. he was more popular with the public than Andrew Jackson.
B. federal spending had supported an economic boom.
C. the political opposition offered multiple candidates.
D. land speculation had been reduced under President Andrew Jackson.
E. his opponent openly advocated ending Indian removal

C. the political opposition offered multiple candidates (254)

In 1836, President Andrew Jackson's "specie circular"
A. resulted in a severe financial panic.
B. was defeated by Congress.
C. was of considerable political benefit to Martin Van Buren.
D. required foreigners doing business in the United States to pay their debts in hard currency.
E. caused a significant rise in prices, especially the price of land

A. resulted in a severe financial panic (255)

The presidential election campaign of 1840 saw
A. Martin Van Buren drop out of the presidential race.
B. the first influence of the "penny press" in politics.
C. Henry Clay chosen as the Whig presidential candidate.
D. the emergence of the Republican Party.
E. William Henry Harrison serve as the Democratic candidate

B. the first influence of the "penny press" in politics (256)

As president, John Tyler
A. was a Whig who had once been a Democrat.
B. favored the recharter of the Bank of the United States.
C. considered Andrew Jackson to be his political role model.
D. approved several internal improvement bills.
E. forced John C. Calhoun out of his cabinet

A. was a Whig who had once been a Democrat (257)

Which statement about the 1842 Webster-Ashburton Treaty is FALSE?
A. It settled the Aroostook War.
B. It resulted in new territory being added to the United States.
C. It included an American pledge not to allow slave ships to land at British ports.
D. It included a British pledge not to interfere with American ships.
E. It significantly improved Anglo-American relations

C. it included an american pledge not to allow slave ships to land at British ports (259)

The "age of Jackson" was less a triumph for the common man than conservatives feared

True (237)

The Dorr Rebellion was generally consistent with Jacksonian principle

True (238)

One of the major reforms of the Jacksonian period was the introduction of the secret ballot

False (239-240)

During the Jacksonian period, political parties were regarded as a threat to democracy.

False

As president, Andrew Jackson's first political target was the Bank of the United States

False

Andrew Jackson believed a strong federal government would lead to a strong democracy

False

The Peggy Eaton affair improved Andrew Jackson's relationship with John C. Calhoun

False

Calhoun's defense of his doctrine of nullification was directed primarily at the issue of
tariff

True

President Jackson considered those who favored nullification to be traitors

True

In the early nineteenth century, many whites viewed Indians as "noble savages.

False

In the Black Hawk War, white forces attacked Indians as they surrendered and retreated

True

Unlike most other tribes, the relocation of the Seminoles in Florida was never completed

True

President Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road even though this proposed road was in his
home state

true

The results of the election of 1832 could be interpreted as a defeat for both Henry Clay and
Nicholas Biddle

True

Although political opponents, Whigs supported President Jackson's use of the veto

False

Jacksonians were more likely than Whigs to favor territorial expansion

True (253)

The well-to-do were more likely to support Whigs than Democrats

True (253)

The "penny press" was more lively and sensationalistic than previous newspapers

True

In 1840 the Whigs elected a president for the first time

true

The "Aroostook War" was the result of tensions between Canada and Maine

true

During the Tyler administration, the United States established diplomatic relations with
China

true

President Jackson's attack on federal officeholders led to the introduction of what one of his
allies called the "______________________."

Spoil system (242)

Jackson's supporters created the ___________________ as a forum for selecting candidates
for president

National convention (242)

Thomas Dorr and his followers formed a _________________

People's party (239)

John C. Calhoun championed a states' rights theory called ___________________

nullification (243)

John C. Calhoun argued that the federal government was a creation of the __________

states (243)

John C. Calhoun's most powerful rival within the Jackson administration was ________________

Martin Van Buren (243)

The main issue of public policy at stake in the Webster-Hayne debate was the
_____________

tariff (244)

The most successful of the "Five Civilized Tribes" when it came to resisting Jackson's
removal policy were the _________________

Seminole (248)

The forced Cherokee migration on what was called the Trail of Tears ended in the territory of
________________

Oklahoma (247)

In the election of 1832, Andrew Jackson was opposed by _________________

Henry Clay (251)

____________________ succeeded John Marshall as chief justice of the Supreme Court

Roger B. Taney (252)

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